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About Bastor2 Network
Industrial activity around the coastline of the Baltic Sea accounts for millions of tons of CO2 emissions every year. CCS is a potential solution to this challenge, by capturing these emissions and storing them deep underground. To see if this is possible, the Bastor2 (Baltic Storage of CO2) project is intended to run over two years and will collect information from prior geological surveys and develop models in order to assess the conditions and capacities for storage.
The project budget is 4,7 MSEK and it is financed by the Global CCS Institute in collaboration with the Swedish Energy Agency and a number of Swedish industrial and energy companies SSAB, Jernkontoret, Svenska Petroleum, Cementa, Nordkalk, SMA Mineral, Vattenfall, Fortum and Preem. Key benefits for this knowledge network include:
- To verify these storage assessments in a later stage will be very costly, since it probably will involve offshore drilling. Bastor2 must therefore produce the best and most comprehensive information possible as basis for an investment decision.
- The project is expected to create enhanced clarity is the possible environmental impact, first from field trials and later from large scale transport and injection.
- The concerned geological structures and a possible CO2 storage site could impact on more than one country. Therefore the project is collaborating with a corresponding program in Finland, CCSP and could in the near future also seek closer links also with the other Baltic Sea states.
- In addition to geology and environment, the project will address political and legal aspects and transport solutions, to form part of the basis for decisions about a possible next step.
- Within the framework of the project, the progress of other similar projects within the European Union will be monitored. Results and experience there will strongly impact a future decision to pursue the Bastor initiative.
In addition to Sweden, countries involved include Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland and Russia (Kaliningrad).
The overriding objective of Bastor2 is to assess the opportunities and conditions for CO2 sequestration in the Baltic Sea region. The research should provide answers specific enough to support decisions about further research activities. Key questions this knowledge network will answer include:
- What are feasible geographical areas for storage and wh are their respective estimated maximum storage volume potential?
- What are the risks for leakages?
- What is the current knowledge about potential environmental consequences and how should a plan for environmental impact assessment be designed?
- Who are the key regional stakeholders, how do they view CCS and do they move over time?
- What are the legal and fiscal aspects on cross border transfer and storage of CO2?
- How could infrastructure for transport of CO2 be developed and at which cost?
Project plan and execution
The project comprises five work packages:
- WP1 – Geology
- WP2 – Environmental impact
- WP3 – Societal aspects
- WP4 – Legal and fiscal aspects
- WP5 – Infrastructure
The assessment of the geological conditions for CO2 storage will be initiated on the basis of the results reported by the Finnish program CCSP and is a direct continuation of the close cooperation between the two countries in this area. The geological assessment constitutes around half of the project’s budget and is given a head start in order to provide a solid platform for the other work packages.
The five work packages will be executed by Swedish universities and research institutes, supported by Swedish and international consultancies with specific area expertise. The Global CCS Institute will issue knowledge reports for each the five work packages and also the final report, due in September 2014.
A pronounced ambition is to use the project as a lever to strengthen cooperation among the Baltic Sea Region countries in the CCS field. The purpose is to disseminate knowledge, share risk and to strengthen the region’s competitiveness and voice on a European level. Ultimately, regional ownership to geological storage is a key success factor. Therefore funds are allocated, together with CCSP, to create CCS Network activities within the project framework.