Global CCS Institute

Air Products Steam Methane Reformer EOR Project

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Capture type:
Pre-combustion capture (gasification)
Transport type:
Onshore to onshore pipeline 101-150km
Storage type:
Use of CO2 in enhanced oil recovery
Location: Texas, United States of America
Proponent: Air Products


Technical aspects

  • Air Products has built a state-of-the-art system to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from two existing steam methane reformers (SMR) located within the Valero Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas.
  • Approximately 1 million tonnes per annum of CO2 is recovered and purified at the plant.
  • The CO2 is delivered via a pipeline owned by Denbury Green Pipeline-Texas for injection into Denbury Onshore's enhanced oil recovery (EOR) operations in Texas.

Key Deliverables

  • The engineering study and project plan were completed in mid-2010.
  • A final investment decision on the project was made in 2011.
  • Delivery of CO2 to Denbury Onshore started in January 2013.
  • The project started full scale operations in April 2013.
The SMRs produce hydrogen to assist with the production of cleaner burning transportation fuels from refinery customers on Air Products’ Gulf Coast hydrogen pipeline network.
The Air Products project has received a total of US$284 million in funding from the United States Department of Energy (DOE) under both the Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration (ICCS - Phase 2) and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA).

Project data is current as at 16/02/2014.