Mississippi Power (Southern Company) is constructing an air-blown 582 Mwe IGCC plant using a coal-based transport gasifier. Up to 3.5 million tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide will be captured at the plant and used for enhanced oil recovery.

Quest will capture up to 1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per annum from the Scotford upgrader, and transport it by pipeline for injection into a deep saline formation.

This project would capture approximately 1.5 million tonnes of CO2 per annum from the new build Don Valley power plant (owned and operated by Sargas Power Yorkshire Limited) in South Yorkshire, the United Kingdom. Carbon dioxide captured from the new build power plant would be transported via a planned common user pipeline for storage in offshore deep saline formations. The primary storage option identified to date is a deep saline formation known as 5/42, located approximately 65 km off the Yorkshire coast. The Project is planned to be operational by the end of the decade.

The Rotterdam Opslag en Afvang Demonstratieproject (ROAD) Project, currently in the Define stage, plans to capture 1.1 million tonnes of CO2 per annum from a newly built coal and biomass-based power plant within the Maasvlakte section of the Rotterdam port and industrial area. The captured CO2 would be transported 25 km for storage in an offshore depleted gas reservoir, at a depth of around 3-3.5 km below the sea surface. The anticipated CO2 capture start date is in the 2019-2020 period. Road is one of the most advanced CCS projects currently in development planning and its proponents – Uniper Benelux (previously E.ON Benelux) and ENGIE Energie Nederland (previously GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland) – are ready to adopt a final investment decision as soon as additional funding can be secured to close the funding gap. For more information, please see here.

GreenGen Co. proposes to build a coal-based energy system that includes hydrogen production, electricity generation and carbon capture. The carbon dioxide captured at the site will be used for enhanced oil recovery.

CVR Energy is developing a new compression facility at its fertiliser plant in Kansas. The plant currently produces approximately 850,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide which will be transported to the mid-continental region for use in enhanced oil recovery.

This component of a larger gas production and LNG processing project will inject 3.4 to 4.1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per annum into a deep geologic formation. Construction is under way after a final investment decision was made in September 2009.

The Sleipner area gas development is located in the middle of the Central North Sea (Norwegian sector) approximately 240 km west-southwest of Stavanger, Norway. Carbon dioxide capture and injection began in 1996 from the Sleipner West development. This development was the world’s first demonstration of CCS technology for a deep saline reservoir. The reservoir depth is approximately 800-1,100 meters below sea level (water depth is around 100 meters). The CO2 capture capacity of the offshore facilities is around 0.9 million tonnes per annum. Around 15.5 million tonnes of CO2 have been injected since inception to June 2015. An extensive program to model and monitor the distribution of injected CO2 has been undertaken by a number of organisations (partly funded by the European Union). For more information, please see here.

Snøhvit is an LNG development in the Barents Sea offshore Norway. The LNG facility, where the CO2 is captured, is located on the island of Melkoya near Hammerfest, northern Norway, and the storage site is offshore at the Snøhvit gas project field development area in the Barents Sea (around 150 km north-west of Hammerfest). The targeted CO2 injection reservoir is situated around 2.6 km below the sea surface (seabed depth is around 330 meters). Injection of CO2 began in 2008 and to date nearly 3 million tonnes of CO2 has been injected.  The amine-based CO2 removal process is designed to capture 0.7 million tonnes of CO2 annually when the Snøhvit LNG facility is at full capacity. The Snøhvit project employs a monitoring and verification programme to investigate the behaviour of CO2 underground (partly funded by the European Union). For more information, please see here.

About 3 Mtpa of carbon dioxide is captured from the Great Plains Synfuel plant in North Dakota. Since 2000 the carbon dioxide has been transported by pipeline into Canada for enhanced oil recovery in the Weyburn Field, and since 2005 in Midale Field.