The Teesside Collective Grouping is promoting the development of an industrial CCS network around the energy intensive industrial operations in the Tees Valley. The Grouping consists of the following organisations:
- Tees Valley Unlimited
- BOC Linde
- Lotte Chemicals UK
- Sahaviriya Steel Industries (SSI)
- National Grid
- North East Process Industry Cluster (NEPIC)
LOCATION: The United Kingdom
CO2 capture source: Various industrial sources in Tees Valley, North East England
CO2 storage site: Two offshore North Sea area options are under evaluation
INDUSTRY (FEEDSTOCK): Various
OVERALL PROJECT LIFECYCLE STAGE: Evaluate
CO2 CAPTURE CAPACITY VOLUME: Initial phase of up to 3 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa), long-term target of up to 10 Mtpa
CAPTURE TYPE / METHOD: Various depending on processes but including amine absorption for post combustion capture plus process by-product CO2
NEW BUILD OR RETROFIT: Retrofit (the Project proposal involves modifications to existing plants to capture CO2 streams)
CO2 CAPTURE START DATE: Post 2020
PRIMARY STORAGE OPTION: Dedicated geological storage - offshore deep saline aquifer
Potential locations include saline aquifers in the Bunter Sandstone in the Southern North Sea and the Captain Sandstone offshore the North Eastern coast of Scotland. These are both being considered as part of the UK power generation CCS programme presently in the FEED study stage.
STORAGE FORMATION AND DEPTH: Under evaluation
TRANSPORTATION TYPE: Pipeline (onshore to offshore)
TRANSPORTATION DISTANCE TO STORAGE SITE (LENGTH OF PIPELINE): Dependent on storage site location. Approximately 10 miles / 16 km of onshore pipeline; approximately 93 miles / 150 km offshore for the Southern North Sea storage option and over 248 miles / 400 km for the NE option.
The Teeside Collective Grouping consists of a cluster of industries with the aim of establishing Teesside in Tees Valley as a clean industrial development hub.Teesside is the most concentrated industrial cluster in the UK and the Teesside Collective has the opportunity to become Europe’s first CCS-equipped industrial zone.
Carbon dioxide would be captured initially using conventional available technologies from the industrial cluster in Teesside using a shared onshore pipeline network. Some CO2 is already separated as part of an industrial process (for example, in fertilizer production). The captured CO2 would be compressed to dense phase at each location and then piped to an offshore storage location.
Potential industrial CO2 capture sources include the following:
- Iron and Steel production – SSI operates Europe’s second largest blast furnace mill at Redcar in Teeside
- Ammonium nitrate and fertiliser production - GrowHow is a major supplier of fertilisers and process chemicals and utilities based in Teesside
- Hydrogen production - BOC Linde operates the UK’s largest Steam Methane Reformer in Teeside
- Chemical production - Lotte Chemicals UK makes polymer for use in plastic bottles at its plant in Teeside
Teesside is home to five of the UK’s top 25 CO2 emitting plants - regional emissions are three times the UK average. The initial phase of the Teesside Collective Project is planned to capture up to 3 Mtpa of CO2 with up to 10 Mtpa identified for the longer term and a planned maximum network capacity of some 15 Mtpa.
The primary storage option under consideration is saline formations in the Bunter Sandstone in the Southern North Sea. The Captain Sandstone formation in the northern North Sea is also under consideration.
The project is currently funded by a GBP one million grant from the UK government and by industrial company contributions. This first stage up to the development of a business case and possible investment mechanisms is expected to be completed by the European summer 2015.
KEY PROJECT MILESTONES:
December 2014 – Launch of Teesside Collective initiative building on earlier PICCSI (Process Industry CCS Initiative) grouping in the Tees Valley.
March 2015 – Completion of early engineering studies of capture and transmission networks.