The Teesside Collective Grouping is promoting the development of an industrial CCS network around the energy intensive industrial operations in the Tees Valley. The Grouping consists of the following organisations:

  • Tees Valley Unlimited
  • BOC Linde
  • Lotte Chemicals UK
  • GrowHow
  • Sahaviriya Steel Industries (SSI)
  • National Grid
  • North East Process Industry Cluster (NEPIC)

LOCATION: The United Kingdom

    CO2 capture source: Various industrial sources in Tees Valley, North East England

    CO2 storage site: Two offshore North Sea area options are under evaluation



CO2 CAPTURE CAPACITY VOLUME: Initial phase of up to 3 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa), long-term target of up to 10 Mtpa

CAPTURE TYPE / METHOD: Various depending on processes but including amine absorption for post combustion capture plus process by-product CO2

NEW BUILD OR RETROFIT:  Retrofit (the Project proposal involves modifications to existing plants to capture CO2 streams)


PRIMARY STORAGE OPTION: Dedicated geological storage - offshore deep saline aquifer

Potential locations include saline aquifers in the Bunter Sandstone in the Southern North Sea and the Captain Sandstone offshore the North Eastern coast of Scotland.  These are both being considered as part of the UK power generation CCS programme presently in the FEED study stage.


TRANSPORTATION TYPE: Pipeline (onshore to offshore)

TRANSPORTATION DISTANCE TO STORAGE SITE (LENGTH OF PIPELINE):  Dependent on storage site location. Approximately 10 miles / 16 km of onshore pipeline; approximately 93 miles / 150 km offshore for the Southern North Sea storage option and over 248 miles / 400 km for the NE option.


The Teeside Collective Grouping consists of a cluster of industries with the aim of establishing Teesside in Tees Valley as a clean industrial development hub.Teesside is the most concentrated industrial cluster in the UK and the Teesside Collective has the opportunity to become Europe’s first CCS-equipped industrial zone.

Carbon dioxide would be captured initially using conventional available technologies from the industrial cluster in Teesside using a shared onshore pipeline network. Some CO2 is already separated as part of an industrial process (for example, in fertilizer production). The captured CO2 would be compressed to dense phase at each location and then piped to an offshore storage location. 

Potential industrial CO2 capture sources include the following:

  • Iron and Steel production – SSI operates Europe’s second largest blast furnace mill at Redcar in Teeside
  • Ammonium nitrate and fertiliser production - GrowHow is a major supplier of fertilisers and process chemicals and utilities based in Teesside
  • Hydrogen production - BOC Linde operates the UK’s largest Steam Methane Reformer in Teeside
  • Chemical production - Lotte Chemicals UK makes polymer for use in plastic bottles at its plant in Teeside

Teesside is home to five of the UK’s top 25 CO2 emitting plants - regional emissions are three times the UK average. The initial phase of the Teesside Collective Project is planned to capture up to 3 Mtpa of CO2 with up to 10 Mtpa identified for the longer term and a planned maximum  network capacity of some 15 Mtpa. 

The primary storage option under consideration is saline formations in the Bunter Sandstone in the Southern North Sea.  The Captain Sandstone formation in the northern North Sea is also under consideration.

The project is currently funded by a GBP one million grant from the UK government and by industrial company contributions. This first stage up to the development of a business case and possible investment mechanisms is expected to be completed by the European summer 2015.


December 2014 – Launch of Teesside Collective initiative building on earlier PICCSI (Process Industry CCS Initiative) grouping in the Tees Valley.

March 2015 – Completion of early engineering studies of capture and transmission networks.

This project intentds to capture around 0.8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per annum from a Combined Cycle Power Plant by 2017. 

The CRP (Haifeng) Project plans to capture and compress 1 million tonnes of CO2emissions from CRP (Haifeng) Unit 3 from a slip stream of flue gas. The construction of the carbon capture facilities is expected to start in February 2016 and be completed by August 2018


A capacity of 50,000 tpa of CO2 capture facility was built in November 2012 and a capacity of 360,000 tpa CO2 capture facility is planned to be entered into operation by 2015-2016.

​ CO2 EOR Demonstration project The CO2 injection will take place in a well characterized field, the Ghawar field of which Uthmaniyah represents a small area.

This operational project captures around 700,000 tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide from an offshore gas processing plant. The carbon dioxide is injected into the Lula Oil Field for enhanced oil recovery.

Shenhua Group proposes to build a new coal-to-liquids plant that would capture around 2 million tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide. Possible storage options are currently under evaluation.

The proposed Sargas Stargate 250 Gasfired Powerplant in Norway would capture more than 1.4 million tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide. The project could be operational in 2016.

More than 800,000 tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide from a natural gas processing plant are planned to be injected into the Jilin oil field for enhanced oil recovery by 2015-2016.

This project will involve the construction of a new, super-critical coal-fired power plant with oxyfuel combustion capturing more than 2 to 3 million tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide.