Teesside Collective Project
The Teesside Collective Grouping is promoting the development of an industrial CCS network around the energy intensive industrial operations in the Tees Valley. The Grouping consists of the following organisations:
- Tees Valley Combined Authority
- BOC Linde
- Lotte Chemicals UK
- C F Fertilisers
- North East Process Industry Cluster
LOCATION: The United Kingdom
CO2 capture source: Various industrial sources in Tees Valley, North East England
CO2 storage site: Two offshore North Sea area options have been evaluated
INDUSTRY (FEEDSTOCK): Various
OVERALL PROJECT LIFECYCLE STAGE: Evaluate
CO2 CAPTURE CAPACITY VOLUME: Initial phase of up to 2.8 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa), long-term target of up to 10 Mtpa
CAPTURE TYPE / METHOD: Various depending on processes but including amine absorption for post combustion capture plus process by-product CO2
NEW BUILD OR RETROFIT: Retrofit (the Project proposal involves modifications to existing plants to capture CO2 streams)
CO2 CAPTURE START DATE: 2020’s
PRIMARY STORAGE OPTION: Dedicated geological storage - offshore deep saline formations
Potential locations include saline formations in the Bunter Sandstone in the Southern North Sea and the Captain Sandstone offshore the North Eastern coast of Scotland. These were considered as part of the UK power generation CCS programme and have both completed FEED.
STORAGE FORMATION AND DEPTH: Under evaluation
TRANSPORTATION TYPE: Pipeline (onshore to offshore)
TRANSPORTATION DISTANCE TO STORAGE SITE (LENGTH OF PIPELINE): Dependent on storage site location. Approximately 10 miles / 16 km of onshore pipeline; approximately 93 miles / 150 km offshore for the Southern North Sea storage option and over 248 miles / 400 km for the NE option.
The Teeside Collective Grouping consists of a cluster of industries with the aim of establishing Teesside in Tees Valley as a clean industrial development hub.Teesside is the most concentrated industrial cluster in the UK, and Teesside Collective has the opportunity to become Europe’s first CCS-equipped industrial zone.
Carbon dioxide would be captured initially using conventional available technologies from the industrial cluster in Teesside using a shared onshore pipeline network. Some CO2 is already separated as part of an industrial process (for example, in fertilizer production). The captured CO2 would be compressed to dense phase at each location and then piped to an offshore storage location.
Potential industrial CO2 capture sources include the following:
- Ammonium nitrate and fertiliser production - C F Fertilisers is a major supplier of fertilisers and process chemicals and utilities based in Teesside
- Hydrogen production - BOC Linde operates the UK’s largest Steam Methane Reformer in Teeside
- Chemical production - Lotte Chemicals UK makes polymer for use in plastic bottles at its plant in Teeside
While the above three sources have carbon capture design completed, there are many sources of CO2 that could use a CCS network. Teesside is home to 5 of the UK’s top 25 CO2 emitting plants - regional emissions are three times the UK average. The initial phase of the Teesside Collective Project is planned to capture up to 2.8 Mtpa of CO2 with up to 10 Mtpa identified for the longer term and a planned maximum network capacity of some 15 Mtpa.
The primary storage option under consideration is saline formations in the Bunter Sandstone in the Southern North Sea. The Captain Sandstone formation in the northern North Sea is also under consideration.
The project is currently funded by a GBP one million grant from the UK government and by industrial company contributions. This first stage up to the development of a business case is complete and can be viewed on the http://www.teessidecollective.co.uk/ website.
Key project milestones:
December 2014: Launch of Teesside Collective initiative building on earlier PICCSI (Process Industry CCS Initiative) grouping in the Tees Valley
March 2015: Completion of early engineering studies of capture and transmission networks
July 2015: Launch of the Teesside Collective Industrial CCS Blueprint
March 2016: Sabic and Sembcorp joing the consortium
May 2016: Agreement on a further GBP£ 300,000 funding for the Teesside Collective from the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)