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2.1 Project Overview
ROAD is the Rotterdam Opslag and Afvang Demonstratieproject (Rotterdam Capture and Storage Demonstration Project) and is one of the largest integrated Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) demonstration projects in the world.
2.1.1 Project objectives
The main objective of ROAD is to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of a large-scale, integrated CCS-chain. In the power industry, to date, CCS has primarily been applied in small-scale test facilities. Large-scale demonstration projects are needed to show that CCS is an efficient and effective CO2 abatement technology within the next 5 to 10 years. With the knowledge, experience and innovations gained by projects like ROAD, CCS could be deployed on a larger and broader scale: not only on power plants, but also within energy intensive industries. CCS is one of the transition technologies expected to make a substantial contribution to achieving climate objectives.
ROAD is a joint project initiated by E.ON Benelux N.V. and Electrabel Nederland N.V. (GDF SUEZ Group). Together they constitute the limited partnership Maasvlakte CCS Project C.V. The intended partners of ROAD are GDF SUEZ E&P Nederland B.V. for the CO2 transport and TAQA Energy B.V. for the CO2 injection and permanent storage. The ROAD-project is co-financed by the Government of the Netherlands, the European Commission within the framework of the European Energy Programme for Recovery (EEPR) and the Global CCS Institute.
2.1.3 Project specifications
ROAD applies post combustion technology to capture the CO2 from the flue gases of a new 1,100 MWe coal-fired power (Maasvlakte Power Plant 3) in the port and industrial area of Rotterdam. The capture unit has a capacity of 250 MWe equivalent and aims to capture 1.1 million tonnes of CO2 per year. The capture installation is planned to be operational in 2015.
Location of the ROAD-project CCS chain: Rotterdam port and industrial area and North Sea
Location of the capture unit: Maasvlakte Power Plant 3 (photo: E.ON)
From the capture unit the CO2 will be compressed and transported through a pipeline: 5 kilometers over land and 20 kilometers across the seabed to the P18 platform in the North Sea. The pipeline has a transport capacity of around 5 million tonnes per year. It is designed for a pressure of 175 bar and a maximum temperature of approximately 80 °C.
ROAD plans to store the captured CO2 in depleted gas reservoirs under the North Sea. These gas reservoirs are located in block P18 (P18-6, P18-4 and P18-2) of the Dutch continental shelf, approximately 20 kilometers off the coast. The depleted gas reservoirs are at a depth of around 3,500 meters under the seabed of the North Sea. The CO2 will be injected from the platform into depleted gas reservoirs. The estimated storage capacity is approximately 35 million tonnes.
2.1.4 Rationale for Rotterdam port and industrial area
The Rotterdam port and industrial area has a number of advantages that create favorable conditions to implement a CCS demonstration project like ROAD. The Rotterdam port and industrial area has many CO2 point sources. Several new power stations prepared for the application of CCS (capture ready) are under construction. The Port of Rotterdam is relatively close to a large number of (almost) depleted gas reservoirs on the continental shelf under the North Sea, allowing for a small transport distance. These gas reservoirs meet the physical and geological properties for CO2 storage and will become available in the next few years (from 2014 onwards). The Netherlands has a lot of knowledge and experience with both oil and gas extraction and storage of gas in aquifers and gas reservoirs. In addition, the complete CCS-chain is remote from residential areas.
250 MWe capture unit (post-combustion)
P18-A platform at the North Sea (photo: TAQA)
2.1.5 Facts & Figures
Base installation: E.ON Maasvlakte Power Plant 3 (Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
|• Output||: 1.070 MWe|
|• Efficiency||: 46%|
|• Operational||: End 2012|
|• Capture ready|
|• Technology||: Post-combustion|
|• Capacity||: 250 MWe equivalent|
|• Capture rate||: 90%|
|• CO2 captured||: ~ 1.1 megatonnes / year|
|• Operational||: 2015|
|• Diameter||: 16 inch|
|• Distance||: 5 km onshore, 20km offshore|
|• Capacity||: Gas phase : 1.5 megatonnes/year Dense phase : 5 megatonnes/year|
|• Design specifications||: 175 bar, 80 °C|
|Depleted gas reservoir||: P18|
|Depth||: 3,500 meters|
|Estimated capacity||: ~ 35 megatonnes|
The high level schedule of the ROAD project is as follows:
|14 July 2009||: Application submitted for funding under European Energy Programme for Recovery|
|September 2009||: Project selected for funding by European Commission|
|May 2010||: Ministerial order Dutch funding published: Grant Agreement signed by European Commission and ROAD Project|
|September 2010||: Front-End Engineering Design studies Capture Plant completed Starting note Environmental Impact Assessment published|
|June 2011||: Submitting Environmental Impact Assessment, permit applications|
|Q4 2011||: Final Investment Decision|
|Q4 2011||: Start execution phase (procurement, construction, etc.)|
|2014||: CCS chain mechanically complete|
|2015||: Start of operation CCS chain|
|2015-2019||: Demonstration operation phase CCS chain|
|2020||: Start commercial operation CCS chain|