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Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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全球CCS现状的战略分析 –  国家研究(中国)
全球CCS现状的战略分析 – 国家研究(中国)

23rd August 2012

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

从现在起至2020年,中国致力于使用其GDP相当大的一部分以支持技术研究和开发。温室气体减排倡议诸如CCS将能得到这些资金的相当大一部分。

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Report to the Global CCS Institute on legal and regulatory developments related to carbon capture and storage between November 2010 – June 2011
Report to the Global CCS Institute on legal and regulatory developments related to carbon capture and storage between November 2010 – June 2011

13th December 2011

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Law and regulation, Policy, Use and storage (CCUS)

As a part of the Policy, Legal and Regulatory (PLR) team’s research and preparatory activity for the drafting of the Global Status of CCS Report 2011, a legal and regulatory scan of the CCS legal and regulatory environment was commissioned from Baker & McKenzie.

The study is aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of international, regional, national and sub-national legal and regulatory developments; including details of negotiations currently in progress, the signalled intent of future CCS legal and regulatory decisions and the status of implementation of regulation in a number of countries. Fifty-one jurisdictions were surveyed in total, including the EU’s Member States, Federal and state level jurisdictions in Australia and the US and those developing nations which are the focus of the Institute’s capacity development activities.

The Institute’s PLR team worked closely with Baker & McKenzie to develop the scope and format of the research; ensuring a detailed final report and accompanying legislation tables, as well as a process which is potentially replicable in the future.

For further information on this study, please contact Ian Havercroft, Senior Advisor – CCS Regulation.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Canada
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Canada

1st July 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

CCS policy will ultimately be driven by the western Canadian provinces, which need CCS to be aviable alternative to dramatic emissions reductions. To date, the focus in Canada has been onfunding pilot CCS projects and not developing a coherent set of standards for the proper implementation of CCS activities.

In order to encourage CCS project development, Canadian jurisdictions will need to develop regulatoryframeworks able to deal with the unique qualities of CCS projects. Existing pipelines and mininglegislation could be adapted to this purpose.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies South Africa
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies South Africa

31st March 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

There is no integrated policy or legislation currently to specifically deal with CCS in the Republic of  South Africa (South Africa). However, in recent years South Africa has moved towards adopting a climate change policy, and CCS is likely to be central to that policy.The Long Term Mitigation Scenario Study (LTMS) highlighted CCS as being a potential method of CO2 emissions mitigation for South Africa. Following this study, the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT) stated that one of its objectives was "exploring and developing CCS forcoal fired power stations and all coal-to-liquid (CTL) plants, and not to approve new coal fired power stations without CO2 capture readiness". DEAT also stated that a climate change policy is expected to be implemented by 2010 and a legislative, regulatory and fiscal package is planned to be introducedby 2012.

It is therefore clear that CCS is expected to play a vital role in South Africa's drive to mitigate its CO2 emissions. The South African government has declared CCS to be a national research priority and this commitment is underlined by South Africa's membership of the CSLF since 2003.The recently established South African National Energy Research Institute (SANERI) launched a National Centre for CCS on 27 March 2009. This research centre will drive CCS initiatives in South Africa, with the ultimate goal of undertaking a CO2 injection experiment by 2016 and the constructionof a CCS demonstration plant by 2020. The Centre receives funding from the British High Commission, the Norwegian Government and from industry.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies South Korea
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies South Korea

31st March 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

South Korea does not currently have any policies or legislation dedicated to encouraging thedevelopment of CCS technologies or regulating the conduct of CCS projects in South Korea.However, South Korea began considering the development of CCS policies and legislation in 2008and this policy development process continues.

The Government is currently promoting the development of technology for capturing CO2. The legal basis for such government support is the Energy Basic Law.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Brazil
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Brazil

31st March 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

Brazil does not currently have any integrated policies or legislation dedicated to encouraging thedevelopment of CCS technologies or regulating the conduct of CCS projects in Brazil. There are noproposals for CCS draft polices or legislation at a National or State level. The National Plan onClimate Change has, however, identified climate change as a strategic issue for both the present andthe future of national development.

Existing environmental, health and safety legislation may be applicable to particular CCS activities.The legislation may also provide an insight into how Brazil might incorporate the regulation of CCSactivities within existing regulatory regimes or create new CCS specific legislation in the future.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies United Arab Emirates
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies United Arab Emirates

31st March 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

No integrated legislative framework is currently enacted in the UAE in relation to the capture andsequestration of CO2 emissions.

There is, however, a large amount of government investment to support related projects which,alongside various related commercial partnerships, is aimed at capturing up to one third of the emirateof Abu Dhabi's CO2 emissions by 2020.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies The United States of America
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies The United States of America

31st March 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

There has been a rapid concentration of policymaking, funding and research around the development and deployment of CCS technology in the United States as a means of mitigating GHG emissions. While the US has yet to set a cap on economy-wide GHG emissions, or to imposesubstantial costs on sources of these emissions, the development of CCS technology is seen ascritical to the ultimate success of any future emissions control regime in the country. The new USGovernment has moved quickly in the areas of energy, environmental protection and landmanagement to initiate policies that will help facilitate development of CCS technologies. Largeamounts of funding under the country’s recent stimulus package have been allocated to CCSinitiatives. At the same time, recent developments in Congress suggest that legislation imposing costson the emission of CO2 in the US may be in place as early as later this year.

Significant technological, financial and regulatory hurdles remain for large-scalecommercial deployment of CCS technology in the US. Questions related to the application of existing US law and policy are implicated at almost every stage of the CCS process, while in some areas new policy models are already being developed. In particular, with respect to capture, the non-CO2-related environmental impacts of the technology need to be considered under existing law in the US. Withrespect to transport of sequestered CO2, a more coherent regulatory framework for multi-jurisdictional infrastructure development appears necessary for large-scale CCS deployment. Finally, with respectto underground storage of captured CO2, policymakers in the US have proposed technical standardsand regulation for the injection of CO2 and have begun to address questions of property rights tounderground storage space and long-term liability for sequestered CO2. More clarity on each of theseissues will be necessary as several large-scale CCS projects get underway in the US within the nextfive years.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Australia
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Australia

31st March 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

A number of elements of CCS policy and legislation in Australia could be considered "best practice":

  • in general terms, the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS);
  • well-funded and proactive government-business cooperative research centres such asCO2CRC; and
  • integrated CCS legislation at the Federal, Victorian and Queensland levels, which provides certainty to to market participants and clearly set out systems of property rights and liability regimes.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: policies and legislation framing carbon capture and storage globally
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: policies and legislation framing carbon capture and storage globally

31st March 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Law and regulation, Policy, Use and storage (CCUS)

In May 2009, a consortium led by WorleyParsons and comprising Schlumberger, Electric Power Research Institute and Baker & McKenzie was engaged to undertake the Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and Storage.

The consortium was tasked to undertake a comprehensive survey of the status of CCS and to develop a series of reports analysing CCS projects, the economics of CCS, policies supporting CCS development and existing research and development networks.  A fifth report - the Synthesis Report - was also developed and this summarises the findings of the first four reports, and provides a comprehensive assessment of the gaps and barriers to the deployment of large-scale CCS projects, including strategies and recommendations to address these issues.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies China
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies China

31st March 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

From now until 2020, the PRC aims to spend a significant portion of its own GDP on technology research and development. GHG reduction initiatives such as CCS could capture a significant portion of those funds.

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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies, international policy and legislation
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies, international policy and legislation

31st March 2009

Organisation(s): Baker & McKenzie, Global CCS Institute, WorleyParsons

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Law and regulation, Policy, Use and storage (CCUS)

In May 2009, a consortium led by WorleyParsons and comprising Schlumberger, Electric Power Research Institute and Baker & McKenzie was engaged to undertake the Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and Storage.

The consortium was tasked to undertake a comprehensive survey of the status of CCS and to develop a series of reports analysing CCS projects, the economics of CCS, policies supporting CCS development and existing research and development networks.  A fifth report - the Synthesis Report - was also developed and this summarises the findings of the first four reports, and provides a comprehensive assessment of the gaps and barriers to the deployment of large-scale CCS projects, including strategies and recommendations to address these issues.

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