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Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies South Korea
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies South Korea

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

South Korea does not currently have any policies or legislation dedicated to encouraging thedevelopment of CCS technologies or regulating the conduct of CCS projects in South Korea.However, South Korea began considering the development of CCS policies and legislation in 2008and this policy development process continues.

The Government is currently promoting the development of technology for capturing CO2. The legal basis for such government support is the Energy Basic Law.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Brazil
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Brazil

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

Brazil does not currently have any integrated policies or legislation dedicated to encouraging thedevelopment of CCS technologies or regulating the conduct of CCS projects in Brazil. There are noproposals for CCS draft polices or legislation at a National or State level. The National Plan onClimate Change has, however, identified climate change as a strategic issue for both the present andthe future of national development.

Existing environmental, health and safety legislation may be applicable to particular CCS activities.The legislation may also provide an insight into how Brazil might incorporate the regulation of CCSactivities within existing regulatory regimes or create new CCS specific legislation in the future.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies United Arab Emirates
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies United Arab Emirates

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

No integrated legislative framework is currently enacted in the UAE in relation to the capture andsequestration of CO2 emissions.

There is, however, a large amount of government investment to support related projects which,alongside various related commercial partnerships, is aimed at capturing up to one third of the emirateof Abu Dhabi's CO2 emissions by 2020.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies The United States of America
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies The United States of America

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

There has been a rapid concentration of policymaking, funding and research around the development and deployment of CCS technology in the United States as a means of mitigating GHG emissions. While the US has yet to set a cap on economy-wide GHG emissions, or to imposesubstantial costs on sources of these emissions, the development of CCS technology is seen ascritical to the ultimate success of any future emissions control regime in the country. The new USGovernment has moved quickly in the areas of energy, environmental protection and landmanagement to initiate policies that will help facilitate development of CCS technologies. Largeamounts of funding under the country’s recent stimulus package have been allocated to CCSinitiatives. At the same time, recent developments in Congress suggest that legislation imposing costson the emission of CO2 in the US may be in place as early as later this year.

Significant technological, financial and regulatory hurdles remain for large-scalecommercial deployment of CCS technology in the US. Questions related to the application of existing US law and policy are implicated at almost every stage of the CCS process, while in some areas new policy models are already being developed. In particular, with respect to capture, the non-CO2-related environmental impacts of the technology need to be considered under existing law in the US. Withrespect to transport of sequestered CO2, a more coherent regulatory framework for multi-jurisdictional infrastructure development appears necessary for large-scale CCS deployment. Finally, with respectto underground storage of captured CO2, policymakers in the US have proposed technical standardsand regulation for the injection of CO2 and have begun to address questions of property rights tounderground storage space and long-term liability for sequestered CO2. More clarity on each of theseissues will be necessary as several large-scale CCS projects get underway in the US within the nextfive years.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Australia
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Australia

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

A number of elements of CCS policy and legislation in Australia could be considered "best practice":

  • in general terms, the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS);
  • well-funded and proactive government-business cooperative research centres such asCO2CRC; and
  • integrated CCS legislation at the Federal, Victorian and Queensland levels, which provides certainty to to market participants and clearly set out systems of property rights and liability regimes.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies China
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies China

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

From now until 2020, the PRC aims to spend a significant portion of its own GDP on technology research and development. GHG reduction initiatives such as CCS could capture a significant portion of those funds.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies The European Union
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies The European Union

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

The European approach to CCS policy and legislation represents some of the most comprehensive proposals for the regulation of commercial CCS facilities in the world. The CCS Directive, in particular, is a significant step towards the widespread deployment of CCS technology. It endeavours to remove regulatory barriers to CCS projects and, in doing so, amends a number of general European legislative instruments.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies India
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies India

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

India does not currently have any integrated policies or legislation dedicated to encouraging the development of CCS technologies or regulating the conduct of CCS projects in India. The National Clean Development Mechanism Authority of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Government of India has initiated executive moves to investigate the potential of CCS.

To date, however, no CCS specific legislation has been implemented. The Government of India is in the process of creating public awareness and undertaking research and development for CCS technology and activities. Workshops and discussions are taking place throughout the country to investigate the potential for CCS in India.

It is foreseeable that the mandate for CCS would come under a broad legislative framework that would aim to limit India’s GHG emissions. Analysts are of the view that linking CCS with the CDM is necessary before India can support the inclusion of CCS under the CDM umbrella.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Indonesia
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Indonesia

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

Indonesia has not introduced any policies or legislation dedicated to encouraging the development of CCS technologies or regulating the CCS project cycle.Indonesia has introduced a number of climate change and energy conservation policies which could provide a framework for high-level policy support for CCS incentives.

The Indonesian Government is cooperating with the governments of other countries including Norway and the United Kingdom to map potential CO2 sequestration sites in Indonesia.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Japan
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Japan

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

Current government efforts to revise the Japanese legal system to facilitate CCS projects, and financial support for research, development and demonstration projects in the area of CCS are also a result of Japan’s commitment to CCS. The Government's Action Plan for Building a Low Carbon Society, released in 2008, aims to:

  • reduce the costs of CO2 separation and capture to around 2000 yen per tonne by 2015;
  • reduce the costs of CO2 separation and capture to around 1000 yen per tonne by 2020;
  • begin a large-scale CCS project early in 2009; and
  • work toward making CCS projects and technology accessible and possible to implement on a commercial scale by 2020.

This is to be done through, amongst other things, improving monitoring and environmental impact assessment capabilities and revision of legislation and regulations as required.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Mexico
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies Mexico

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

The National Strategy issued in 2007 considers CCS projects as priority field of research, due to their utility for CO2 capture potential, as well as the opportunity they present the state owned oil producing company, PEMEX. CCS projects may be feasible for the oil field of Cantarell and other declining oilfields to increase oil recovery.

Nonetheless, the National Strategy concludes that these projects are very costly. This may, however, be compensated by financing from CDM projects. The National Strategy also considers that further research is required regarding long-term environmental effects.

While there are is no CCS specific legislation or regulation, existing laws may be applicable to particular CCS activities. These laws may also provide guidance on the future approach taken by the Government in implementing a regulatory framework for CCS activities.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies New Zealand
Strategic analysis of the global status of carbon capture and storage. Report 3: country studies New Zealand

31st March 2009

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

New Zealand has supported CCS in the international community and has participated in the research of CCS technologies. The New Zealand Government has monitored international CCS developments and created policy and research groups to determine how CCS may be deployed in New Zealand.This includes a review of the existing legislative framework and what amendments may be required, as well as research into potential CCS sites in New Zealand.

New Zealand appears to be in a unique position as a developed country with a high proportion of agricultural emissions.Currently, no legislation has been enacted that specifically applies to CCS in New Zealand. Existing legislation may be applicable to some stages of the CCS process, however a more comprehensive legislative framework is necessary before CCS can be deployed in New Zealand.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

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