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Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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The CarbonNet Project: development of a CO2 specification for a CCS hub network
The CarbonNet Project: development of a CO2 specification for a CCS hub network

25th May 2016

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), CO2 transport, CO2 hubs

The Global CCS Institute is supporting the development of the CarbonNet Project through a series of reports and enable the sharing of knowledge throughout its development. The CarbonNet Project, located in the Victoria, Australia is in its feasibility phase. It is planning the development of a hub-based network that will centre on a large capacity pipeline (up to 5 million tonnes per annum) to deep, secure storage sites in the offshore Gippsland Basin.

A critical aspect of hub-based network projects in general is the complex process of gathering multiple sources of CO2 (e.g. coal-fired power stations, natural gas processing, etc.), each with unique properties, into a single pipeline and into a storage site. This report explores the details of different specifications from the various potential capture methods and feedstock, which could come together and how that could impact the specifications of infrastructure and the storage site itself. 

The report outlines the lower and upper bounds of the potential CO2 specifications a hub project could encounter and proposes technically achievable limitations on the whole of project chain. This includes source proponents’ requirement, pipeline integrity and composition, requirements of the storage site, as well as health, safety and environment factors. Finally, the report outlines the techno-economic trade-off between additional processing for the CO2 sources and the impact on transport and storage.

By undertaking these studies in the early phase of project development, barriers such as restrictive specifications can be minimised and this could reduce costs overall, whilst increasing the viability of the multi-user system- the key platform for any hub-based network project. 

 

This report is a product of work undertaken by Parsons Brinckerhoff with inputs from the CarbonNet Project team. 

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) distribution infrastructure
Carbon dioxide (CO2) distribution infrastructure

23rd August 2012

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), CO2 transport, CO2 hubs

The aim of this paper is to provide a non-technical summary of a selected number of publicly released and peer-reviewed studies on CO2 distribution infrastructure (networks) as applied to CCS. The primary focus of this paper is on the transport of CO2 by pipeline. Much of the publicly available literature concurs that pipelines will be the most likely option used for transporting a large majority of the gigatonnes of CO2 (GtCO2) that will potentially be required to be captured and stored in the decades to come. This scale of mitigation is considered to be imperative within the context of the global community preserving a carbon budget (the allowable volume of greenhouse gas emissions to be released) that may avoid dangerous levels of climate change.
 
The paper does not specifically focus on CO2 capture or storage solutions. It recognises however that CO2 will not be transported at scale unless there is a sufficient and reliable source of CO2 as well as sufficient, secure, safe and available long term storage options. These activities will consequently require the establishment of property rights, appropriate regulations governing the long term liability, monitoring, measurement and verification (MMV) of sites, as well as effective compliance regimes across the CCS chain.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

二酸化炭素(CO2)の供給インフラCO2回収貯留(CCS)を目的としたCO2の輸送に関する状況及び課題見解文書
二酸化炭素(CO2)の供給インフラCO2回収貯留(CCS)を目的としたCO2の輸送に関する状況及び課題見解文書

1st August 2012

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), CO2 transport, CO2 hubs

本文書は、CO2回収貯留(CCS: Carbon Capture and Storage)に利用されるCO2(二酸化炭素)の供給インフラ(ネットワーク)に関して、公的に入手可能である査読付き研究論文からいくつかを選択し、専門知識がなくとも理解できる要約として提供することを目的とする。 
本文書は、主にパイプラインによるCO2の輸送に注目する。公的に入手可能な文献のほとんどによれば、今後数十年のうちに回収及び貯留しなければならないと考えられる数十億トンのCO2の大半を輸送する手法でもっとも有力なものはパイプラインである。気候変動が危険な水準に至ることを回避しうるCO2収支(温室効果ガスの許容排出量)を維持するという国際社会の流れの中で、この規模の緩和措置は必要不可欠であると考えられている。 
本文書では、CO2の回収及び貯留の手法については特に言及していない。しかし、十分かつ確実なCO2の排出源はもとより、十分かつ厳重で、安全に利用できる長期的な貯留方法がない限り、CO2が相当規模にて輸送されることはないと認識している。したがって、こうした活動には、所有権、長期的な義務に関する適切な規制、サイトの監視・測定・検証(MMV:monitoring, measurement and verification)及びCCSチェーン全体における効果的なコンプライアンス制度の確立が今後必要になるであろう。

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Knowledge sharing report. CO2 liquid logistics shipping concept: business model
Knowledge sharing report. CO2 liquid logistics shipping concept: business model

18th November 2011

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), CO2 transport, CO2 hubs

With the different CCS logistical chain components identified and the high number of emitters in the Rotterdam area, the companies Vopak, Anthony Veder, Air Liquide and Gasunie joined forces in a joint venture called Carbon In Transport (De Rotterdamse CINTRA Maatschappij BV, or CINTRA) to provide a fully-integrated CCS transportation solution – for both emitters and storage providers.

To support the early deployment of CCS in Rotterdam and the development of a Rotterdam CCS Network, the Global CCS Institute supported Vopak and Anthony Veder to conduct a feasibility study on their CO2 liquid logistics shipping concept that will provide emitters with a complete logistical transportation solution for captured CO2 from their site to an offshore storage location.

In this report business principles for the liquid logistics shipping concept are elaborated upon and a rationale on how this business model can be rolled out further is provided. In addition, the transportation costs for the various shipping and pipeline routes are compared.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Knowledge sharing report. CO2 liquid logistics shipping concept (LLSC): overall supply chain optimization
Knowledge sharing report. CO2 liquid logistics shipping concept (LLSC): overall supply chain optimization

21st June 2011

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), CO2 transport, CO2 hubs

To support the early deployment of CCS in Rotterdam and the development of a Rotterdam CCS Network, the Global CCS Institute supported Vopak and Anthony Veder to conduct a feasibility study on their CO2 liquid logistics shipping concept that will provide emitters with a complete logistical transportation solution for captured CO2 from their site to an offshore storage location.

This concept comprises a CO2 terminal (or a ‘CO2 hub’) which is capable of gathering CO2 from multiple sources and distributing it via multiple transportation modalities to various sinks. This will provide maximum flexibility and reliability to both emitters and storage operators, eventually leading to a reduced cost of CCS.

In the hub, the CO2 is collected from various sources by both onshore pipelines and barges, and is subsequently sent out via offshore pipelines and sea-going vessels that are capable of discharging on a standalone basis offshore. This report provides an optimisation study for this Hub concept.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

二氧化碳液体物流运输概念(LLSC)——整体供应链优化
二氧化碳液体物流运输概念(LLSC)——整体供应链优化

21st June 2011

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), CO2 transport, CO2 hubs

在减少全球温室气体排放方面重要和必要的一步是碳捕集与封存(CCS)的大规模应用。CCS被看作是一种低碳集约型社会所必需的中间步骤。Vopak公司和Anthony Veder公司已经开发出了一种“二氧化碳液体物流运输概念(LLSC)”,该概念将为排放源捕集的二氧化碳提供一整套的物流运输解决方案, 包含从其捕集地点到一个离岸封存地点。

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Development of a global CO2 pipeline infrastructure
Development of a global CO2 pipeline infrastructure

1st August 2010

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), CO2 transport, CO2 hubs

This work was an expansion of the source sink matching aspects of the Poyry study to include deep saline formations and depleted oil fields in the available sinks and to develop more details about the extent and cost of the required pipeline system. The savings which might be derived from combining sources into common pipelines were examined and also the financing mechanisms which might be used were explored and compared with those in common use for similar infrastructure developments.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

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