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Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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Effective enforcement of underground storage of carbon dioxide
Effective enforcement of underground storage of carbon dioxide

5th August 2016

Topic(s): CO2 storage, Policy, law and regulation

The perception of an effective enforcement regime that ensures the secure and safe storage of CO2 in underground geologic formations will be crucial in increasing public and industry confidence in carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a viable low-carbon technology.

An effective enforcement regime for underground storage of CO2 has the following key features:

  • Comprehensive obligations that address the key risks of underground storage of CO2
  • Comprehensive monitoring and verification (M&V) requirements, including baseline monitoring, M&V obligations during the injection phase and M&V obligations post-injection
  • Enforcement mechanisms that are risk-based, layered and flexible, grounded in science and fact-based decision-making, and include the ability to deal with 'serious situations' (such as unintended releases and CO2 not behaving as predicted)
  • A clear allocation of roles and responsibilities for enforcement.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

The implementation of the EU CO2 storage directive: Challenges and opportunites
The implementation of the EU CO2 storage directive: Challenges and opportunites

1st November 2011

Topic(s): CO2 storage, Policy, law and regulation

The Carbon Capture Legal Programme launched the 'EU Case Studies Project' in January 2010. The project analyses the implementation of Directive 2009/31/EC on the geological storage of carbon dioxide (‘CCS Directive’) in selected European jurisdictions - the United Kingdom, Germany, Poland, Romania, Spain and Norway. Each jurisdiction, for distinct reasons, provides an example of different approaches to the transposition and to CCS in general. The objective of the project is to identify some of the more subtle nuances in different legal cultures and to provide a better understanding of the rationale for national decisions in specific aspects of the implementation of the Directive. In particular, the focus is on those areas where the Directive leaves room for Member States' discretion or is ambiguous or silent. The project also considers the policy and political context within which the national legal and regulatory framework for CCS has emerged. The studies are deliberately designed to move beyond formal transposition measures to reveal more of the underlying dynamics and tensions involved in national implementation. Such elements are often crucial in driving domestic legal developments. The way in which EU Directives are implemented often reflects distinct legal and administrative traditions, and the case studies seek to present these in order to provide better insights on the development of CCS regulation. The outcome of the project is a series of reports from the six jurisdictions, based on key legal and policy questions and on a critical reading of the CCS Directive. The CCLP has coordinated the overall research and has carried out the UK case study. Independent experts have been commissioned to carry out research in Germany, Poland, Romania, Spain and Norway.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

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