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Publications, Reports & Research

Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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Harvey 2D test seismic survey – issues and optimisations: final report
Harvey 2D test seismic survey – issues and optimisations: final report

20th August 2014

Organisation(s): Australian National Low Emissions Coal Research & Development (ANLEC R&D), Curtin University

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 storage, Use and storage (CCUS)

This study validates the use of smaller sized vehicles to acquire signals in areas where access is not possible by conventional large vehicles in a 3D seismic survey. The study also demonstrated the best sweep characteristics to provide high resolution imaging of the shallow sections and delivered high resolution seismic images for the shallow sediments (<1000m) in the region of the Southwest Hub. The enhanced knowledge of the fault patterns at shallow depths also contributes to improved decision making for planning the next phase of reservoir characterisation activity at the site.

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Predicting CO2 injectivity properties for application at CCS sites: final report
Predicting CO2 injectivity properties for application at CCS sites: final report

1st July 2014

Organisation(s): Australian National Low Emissions Coal Research & Development (ANLEC R&D), Curtin University

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 storage, Use and storage (CCUS)

In any geological storage project it will be necessary to characterise the reservoir from core samples taken during exploratory drilling. This project uses four co-located specialist laboratories at the Australian Resources Research Centre (ARRC) Perth. It was able to demonstrate the development of a work-flow for unconventional detailed analysis of the reservoir characteristics that can inform decisions and reduce risk in the initiation of a carbon dioxide storage project.

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Feasibility and design of robust passive seismic monitoring arrays for CO2 geosequestration: project results @ 6 months
Feasibility and design of robust passive seismic monitoring arrays for CO2 geosequestration: project results @ 6 months

1st May 2014

Organisation(s): Australian National Low Emissions Coal Research & Development (ANLEC R&D), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Curtin University, University of Western Australia

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 storage, Use and storage (CCUS)

This early progress report explores the opportunity to consider passive seismic monitoring for the South West Hub in the context of location specific variables. 

Passive seismic monitoring is the science of recording and analysing natural or induced seismicity with surface or borehole sensor arrays, without the use of costly and disruptive man-made seismic energy sources. Scientists are seeking to use such signals to monitor an injected CO2 plume.  

 

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A deployment strategy for effective geophysical remote sensing of CO2 sequestration: Final report
A deployment strategy for effective geophysical remote sensing of CO2 sequestration: Final report

23rd October 2013

Organisation(s): Australian National Low Emissions Coal Research & Development (ANLEC R&D), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Curtin University

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 storage, Use and storage (CCUS)

The report examines alternative geophysical methods to time-lapse seismic that might be deployed to monitor commercial volumes of stored CO2. It uses simple geological models for the South Perth and Gippsland basins to simulate the resolution of various techniques or combinations of techniques. Topics covered include lowering noise levels in data processing workflows, estimate noise in a time-lapse sense for shallow well receivers as well as ambient noise imaging for ocean bottom receivers. Whilst no alternative method or combination of methods appears to have the sensitivity to adequately replace a time-lapse seismic approach, the added information could greatly improve the resolution and sensitivity of time-lapse geophysical methods alone.

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Facies-based rock properties distribution along the Harvey 1 stratigraphic well
Facies-based rock properties distribution along the Harvey 1 stratigraphic well

1st June 2013

Organisation(s): Australian National Low Emissions Coal Research & Development (ANLEC R&D), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Curtin University

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

The goal of the multidisciplinary work presented here is to help enable and further understand the geological and geophysical parameters that will affect the safe and efficient storage of CO2 at the proposed SW-Hub site in the Southern Perth Basin. In particular, the areas of interests covered by this work are related to the characterization of the geological units intersected by Harvey-1 in terms of storage capacity; injectivity and containment potential; elastic and mechanical properties and heterogeneity of the formations encountered. 

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Advanced geophysical data analysis at Harvey-1: storage site characterization and stability assessment. Final report
Advanced geophysical data analysis at Harvey-1: storage site characterization and stability assessment. Final report

25th March 2013

Organisation(s): Australian National Low Emissions Coal Research & Development (ANLEC R&D), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Curtin University

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 storage, Use and storage (CCUS)

One of the first planned onshore commercial-scale CO2 geosequestration projects in Australia is at the South West Hub site, approximately 150 km south of Perth, WA. As part of the detailed characterisation work at the site, the new Harvey-1 Data Well was drilled in early 2012 to approximately 3km depth, penetrating the Lower Lesueur formation which is the main CO2 injection target. Its purpose was to obtain rock core samples and other physical data to reduce gaps in geological knowledge and help assess the suitability of the formation for CO2 storage. Drilling of the Harvey-1 Data Well has provided several geophysical data sets, including log data and zero-offset vertical seismic profiling (ZVSP) data. In addition, a set of 2D seismic lines was acquired in 2011, with basic image processing performed by a contractor. The main goal of this ANLEC research project is to apply a range of advanced data analysis techniques, developed by (or available to) WA:ERA researchers, to the geophysical datasets acquired at the Harvey-1 data well and the recently acquired 2D seismic data, in order to extract higher value from the data, reduce risk in the SW Hub CCS project through improved storage site characterisation, and guide optimal acquisition and processing parameters for future geophysical surveys.

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Predicting CO2 injectivity properties for application at CCS sites: milestone report
Predicting CO2 injectivity properties for application at CCS sites: milestone report

1st December 2012

Organisation(s): Australian National Low Emissions Coal Research & Development (ANLEC R&D), Curtin University

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 storage, Use and storage (CCUS)

This project aims to investigate the injectivity of potential Australian carbon storage reservoirs, and to provide some understanding of their capacity to store CO2. A parallel work-flow is developed to allow the efficient movement of a core sample through the four laboratory test stages. Berea sandstone core is used to commence tests as a standard calibration example due to its well-documented characteristics in the international literature. Three other cores are tested afterwards, namely Otway (Waarre-C), Pinjarra-1 (Lesueur) and Harvey-1 (Lesueur). Geomechanical tests and CT scanning are performed and the results provide new insights into the injectivity of CO2.

This 2012 milestone report is followed by the 2014 final report.

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Supported by ANLEC R&D, CSIRO and Curtin University are jointly conducting an assessment of the site specific resources that are geographically co-located with proposed carbon storage. The project also aims to understand the structural, stratigraphic and geomechanical aspects at proposed storage sites in the Southern Perth Basin, the Gippsland Basin, and the Surat Basin, in Australia to assess the potential impacts of CO2 injection on adjacent resources. This literature review and data gap analysis forms a first step of the study to understanding the present level of knowledge for conducting such an assessment.

The literature reviewed relates both to any direct assessment of potential impacts of CO2 on other natural resources, as well as those that contain valuable information that would be used for making such an assessment. These include reports on hydrogeology and groundwater prospectivity, hydrocarbon and coal occurrence, geomechanical and structural assessment, and other relevant site specific studies on carbon dioxide storage.

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