Publications, Reports & Research
Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.
Under the UK Government’s CCS Demonstration Program, ScottishPower’s Longannet project and E.ON’s Kingsnorth project have been supported to deliver the front end engineering and design (FEED) stage of their project’s development. With these studies now finalised and an array of in-depth technical reports prepared, the reports have been made broadly available so that project developers and all key stakeholders involved in demonstrating CCS may learn and benefit from the practical experience and knowledge created from the two projects.
The FEED study reports from both supported projects may be accessed through devoted pages on the DECC website.
ScottishPower CCS Consortium FEED Study Report
This study details the key learning and knowledge generated by ScottishPower’s Carbon Capture and Storage Consortium (comprising ScottishPower, National Grid and Shell) for work undertaken during the Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) Programme.
It presents the outputs of the Consortium FEED study up to March 2011 for other project developers, governments and ad hoc groups as they seek to introduce Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies around the world.
The study findings include:
- materials from the programme schedules;
- detailed cost breakdown;
- details around organisation and management of designing an end-to-end CCS chain;
- details of operating an end-to-end CCS chain as a whole system and as individual elements;
- key decisions and design changes made during FEED to deliver the end-to-end CCS technology solution;
- health, safety and environmental information of delivering an end-to-end CCS chain;
- details of assessing and measuring the impact of design risks for large-scale CCS projects;
- details of work carried out during FEED to achieve the legal and regulatory requirements with European, UK and Scottish legislative frameworks;
- approach for stakeholder identification and profiling; and
- documented learnings from the supported FEED studies.
E.ON’s FEED Study
The findings are the result of the early stages of a front end engineering and design (FEED) study to add a post-combustion CCS facility to a new supercritical coal-fired power plant at Kingsnorth, UK.
The study findings include:
- design philosophy documents produced to ensure a common approach to the design of all aspects of the CCS project;
- the 'FEED stage Design Basis for CO2 Recovery Plant’ lists the design parameters relating to the capture plant site, the flue gas to be treated, the utilities available, the required life and availability of the plant, and other constraints to be complied with in the capture plant, dehydration and compression design;
- details of transportation and injection infrastructure requirements for the Kingsnorth CCS development;
- results of studies into the undersea storage CO2 reservoir in the Lower Bunter sandstone of the depleted Hewett natural gas field;
- Health and Safety Reports produced during the current FEED stage;
- environment and consents reports produced during the current FEED stage; and
- project management process outputs around controlling and reporting progress of the FEED studies.
The review recommends that the collected CO2 is combined into a pipework network that links the area to depleted gas fields, such as the Hewett Field. There is sufficient storage to absorb over 60 years of CO2 emissions from the Thames Cluster. There is additional storage available in other gas and oil fields and further storage in aquifers.
It is most cost effective to start a CCS cluster by capturing CO2 from the largest emitters first. These provide the flow rates to justify a pipeline network. In the area of the Thames Estuary there are eight sites (seven power plants and a refinery) which each emit over 1 million tonnes (Mt) of CO2 per year. The potential for a CCS cluster from these sites combined is around 28 Mt CO2 annually.