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Publications, Reports & Research

Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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排出削減オプションの検討: 情報選択アンケート(Information Choice Questionnaire)を用いたCCS に対する一般市民の認識調査
排出削減オプションの検討: 情報選択アンケート(Information Choice Questionnaire)を用いたCCS に対する一般市民の認識調査

1st June 2012

Organisation(s): Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

本調査の目的は、一般市民がCO2回収貯留(CCS)を他の温室効果ガス緩和オプションと比較した際の、CCS に関する認識、知識、審議及び選択を支援するオンラインの意思決定ガイドを開発することである。具体的に言えば、その目標はa)豪州の調査結果とオランダの回答者の結果とを比較し、b)オンラインでの情報及び意見形成を相互に作用し魅力的なものにするための最も有効な方法を検討すること、である。本調査は、豪州のオーストラリア連邦科学産業研究機構(CSIRO: CommonwealthScientific and Industrial Organisation)とオランダのエネルギー研究センター(ECN: Energyresearch Center of the Netherlands)との国際共同調査であり、以下の調査課題を扱った。

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Public perceptions of low carbon energy technologies: Results from a Dutch large group workshop
Public perceptions of low carbon energy technologies: Results from a Dutch large group workshop

1st June 2011

Organisation(s): Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Public engagement, Renewables, Use and storage (CCUS)

The overall Large Group Process project encompasses workshops from Canada, Netherlands and Scotland, and some of the learnings from similar Australian workshops. The project is designed to identify public perceptions, acceptance of CCS in relation to other energy technologies; determine demographic, psychological, and environmental influencers to accepting CCS and record results into a report, comparing similarities and differences across countries. This report reflects the Dutch citizens’ perspectives on climate change and low emission energy technologies and how these perspectives may have changed after receiving and discussing objective information. The report present participants’ environmental profile, stated beliefs, knowledge and attitudes, support for different energy technologies, and environmental behaviours and intentions, derived from questionnaire answers and observations during the workshop. The report also presents observed changes on the above over the course of the workshop.  To enable comparison of the outcomes, the study’s methodological set up and analysis, as well as the structure of the reports, resembles the Large Group Process approach developed by CSIRO. The methodology for the research is described, and the results presented based on quantitative and qualitative data sources, and provide an analysis and conclusions.

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Global technology roadmap for CCS in industry. Biomass-based industrial CO2 sources: biofuels production with CCS
Global technology roadmap for CCS in industry. Biomass-based industrial CO2 sources: biofuels production with CCS

1st February 2011

Organisation(s): Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Topic(s): Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage, Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

The United Nations Industrial Development Organisation and the International Energy Agency are developing a Global Technology Roadmap for CCS in Industry (the Roadmap), due to be released mid–year. The project has been sponsored by the Global CCS Institute and the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy.

The Roadmap will be a valuable resource to stakeholders, including policy makers and regulators, across the globe. Targeted at policymakers, the Roadmap will be a high-level assessment of the key actions and milestones that need to be undertaken to develop CCS in Industry.

The following in-depth, technical sectoral assessments have been undertaken to inform the direction of the Roadmap.

  • Biomass
  • High-purity
  • Iron and Steel
  • Refineries
  • Cement
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery

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全球CCS工业技术道路图:生物能源中的二氧化碳来源 – 结合CCS的生物燃料生产
全球CCS工业技术道路图:生物能源中的二氧化碳来源 – 结合CCS的生物燃料生产

1st February 2011

Organisation(s): Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN)

Topic(s): Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage, Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

最近的2020和2050项目(IEA 2009b; IEA, 2010)表明,利用CCS的生物燃料生产的贡献,对于在制造业和生物燃料生产的生物量基础的CCS总体份额,所占份量到目前为止是最为巨大的。因此,对于结合CCS的一系列生物燃料生产的概念将会在这次调查中展开更为具体的讨论。

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산업 CCS를 위한 국제 기술 로드맵: 바이오매스 기반 산업적 CO2 자원 – CCS를 연계한 바이오연료 생산
산업 CCS를 위한 국제 기술 로드맵: 바이오매스 기반 산업적 CO2 자원 – CCS를 연계한 바이오연료 생산

1st February 2011

Organisation(s): Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Topic(s): Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage, Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

본 평가에서는 발전(發電) 부문을 제외하고 제조업과 바이오연료 생산 부문에 대한 BECCS 적용에 초점을 맞추었다. 2020년과 2050년을 대상으로 예측한 결과에 따르면, 제조업 및 바이오연료 생산에 바이오매스 기반 CCS를 연계하는 것은 매우 중요하다. 그러므로 본 평가서에서는 각종 CCS 활용 바이오연료 생산 컨셉을 심도있게 다룰 것이다.

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Policy instruments for advancing CCS in Dutch power generation
Policy instruments for advancing CCS in Dutch power generation

1st December 2010

Organisation(s): Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN)

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Law and regulation, Policy, Use and storage (CCUS)

Decarbonisation policy in the Netherlands is heavily dependent on the success of carbon capture and storage (CCS). This report discusses several ways to stimulate CCS in the power sector after the round of demonstration activities that are to start around 2015. It describes recent policy developments in the UK, the US and Germany. It concludes that a policy package is the most useful way forward, including a financial incentive to cover additional costs of CCS and a regulatory instrument such as an emissions performance standard (EPS) or other regulation for new coal-fired power plants. It investigates the impact of different variants of policy packages on the Dutch electricity market, including wholesale market prices, CO2 emissions and export. It looks at pros and cons of various financial instruments and considers possible restrictions the EU legal framework might pose.

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What happened in Barendrecht? Case study on the planned onshore carbon dioxide storage in Barendrecht, the Netherlands
What happened in Barendrecht? Case study on the planned onshore carbon dioxide storage in Barendrecht, the Netherlands

3rd November 2010

Organisation(s): Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Engineering and project delivery, Public engagement, Use and storage (CCUS)

This report is one of a series of case study reports undertaken by the CSIRO as part of an international comparison of communication and engagement practices surrounding carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) projects funded by the Global CCS Institute.

This case study describes events relating to the Barendrecht CCS project that took place between 2007 and 2010. The national and local context of the Barendrecht CCS project, technical aspects associated with the project, and associated stakeholder involvement are described. The report outlines defining moments that influenced relationships between stakeholders and their opinions of the project. It focuses on the characteristics of the communication that took place between stakeholders and with the community.  Shortcomings in the communication are identified and presented as lessons for future CCS project developers.

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CCS in Southern Africa: An assessment of the rationale, possibilities and capacity needs to enable CO2 capture and storage in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia
CCS in Southern Africa: An assessment of the rationale, possibilities and capacity needs to enable CO2 capture and storage in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia

1st July 2010

Organisation(s): Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN)

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

In April 2010, a series of workshops on CO2 capture and storage were held in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia, attended by a total of about 100 participants. The objectives of the workshops were to provide a thorough introduction to CCS to participants from relevant public, private and academic organizations and to explore the potential rationale, possibilities and capacity needs in each of the three countries. For the project, the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) partnered with EECG Consultants (Botswana), the Eduardo Mondlane University (Mozambique) and the Desert Research Foundation of Namibia. This report reports on the workshops, provides information on the situation with regard to CCS in Botswana, Mozambique and Namibia, and gives recommendations for follow-up work.

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The economics of geological CO2 storage and leakage
The economics of geological CO2 storage and leakage

4th April 2008

Organisation(s): Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN)

Topic(s): CO2 storage, Economics, Engineering and project delivery

The economics of CO2 capture and storage in relation to the possibility of significant leakage of CO2 from geological reservoirs once this greenhouse gas has been stored artificially underground will be among the main determinants of whether CCS can significantly contribute to a deep cut in global CO2 emissions. This paper presents an analysis of the economic and climatic implications of the large-scale use of CCS for reaching a stringent climate change control target, when geological CO2 leakage is accounted for. The natural scientific uncertainties regarding the rates of possible leakage of CO2 from geological reservoirs are likely to remain large for a long time to come. We present a qualitative description, a concise analytical inspection, as well as a more detailed integrated assessment model, proffering insight into the economics of geological CO2 storage and leakage. Our model represents three main CO2 emission reduction options: energy savings, a carbon to non-carbon energy transition and the use of CCS. We find CCS to remain a valuable option even with CO2 leakage of a few %/yr, well above the maximum seepage rates that we think are likely from a geo-scientific point of view.

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Technical support for an enabling policy framework for carbon dioxide capture and geological storage
Technical support for an enabling policy framework for carbon dioxide capture and geological storage

1st April 2007

Organisation(s): Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN)

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Law and regulation, Policy, Use and storage (CCUS)

This paper presents a high level view of the key policy options for regulating CO2 capture and storage (CCS) activities in the EU. Also outlined are some suggested issues and amendments to existing EU legislation that will be required in order to clarify their scope, confer their provisions or remove them as potential barriers.

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