Publications, Reports & Research
Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.
IRENA’s Rethinking Energy series explores the changes that are transforming the way energy is produced and used, and how this affects governments, businesses and individual citizens.
The first edition of REthinking Energy focuses on the power sector. It describes the trends driving this change, how the technology is evolving, who is financing it, and the wider benefits it will bring. Finally, it examines what an energy system powered by renewables might look like and how policy makers can further support the transformation.
The Socio-economic Benefits of Solar and Wind, an econValue report, bridges the knowledge gap with a holistic analysis of the environmental, social and economic value created from large-scale solar and wind energy deployment. In doing so, it offers a new conceptual framework in support of ongoing analytical work conducted by IRENA and other partners in the Clean Energy Ministerial with a view to reinforcing the economic and business case for renewable energy.
The aim of this report is to provide an insight into the strengths of diverse policy design decisions across important existing markets. This report identifies and reviews significant policy and regulatory measures that have contributed to the successful development of wind energy across major markets in Asia, Europe, North and South America over the last three decades.
The Renewables Readiness Assessment is a comprehensive tool for assessing the conditions existing in a country for the development and deployment of renewable energy, along with the actions required to improve those conditions. Designed and refined since 2011, the Renewables Readiness Assessment is a country-initiated, country-led process that identifies short- to medium-term actions for the rapid scale-up of renewables.
This report focuses on bioenergy in Africa, as this form of renewable energy represents almost 50% of the total primary energy supply for the African continent, and more than 60% of the Sub-Saharan TPES. Bioenergy is a strategic asset for Africa’s energy future and needs to be assessed in a transparent manner.
At IRENA’s behest, the German Biomass Research Centre has collected recent studies assessing bioenergy potential in Africa, compared their various methodologies, benchmarked the results, and identified the key dimensioning elements for those assessments.
This working paper focuses on patents and describes the basics of what patents are and how they work, as well as presenting some ideas of how patents and their information can be used to encourage renewable energy technology innovation.
Some examples of the use of patent information to indicate the trends of technology developments, technology transfers and knowledge generation are assessed.
A working paper from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) explaining methodological issues related to energy accounting for bioenergy and distributed renewable energy sources. The paper lists uncertainties and gaps that occur in statistics for these energy sources at different levels of the energy-balance table, proposing remedies to some of the identified problems. The remedies are incorporated into the IRENA Statistical Questionnaire that is this year being distributed to Member Countries.
The aim of this methodological work is to improve accuracy of global bioenergy statistics and identify the largest elements of distributed generation, currently rarely covered by national energy statistics. Statistical approaches need to be expanded as soon as possible to take proper account of bioenergy and distributed generation, in order to more accurately portray these growing sources of energy supply and consumption.
With the energy systems of many African countries dominated by fossil-fuel sources that are vulnerable to global price volatility, regional and intra-continental power systems with high shares of renewable energy can provide least-cost option to support continued economic growth and address the continent’s acute energy access problem. Unlocking Africa’s huge renewable energy potential could help to take many people out of poverty, while ensuring the uptake of sustainable technologies for the continent’s long-term development.
This report examines various scenarios for accelerated renewable energy uptake, based on a modelling tool developed by IRENA and tested with assistance from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Initial results from the System Planning Test model for West Africa covering all continental ECOWAS countries, show that the share of renewable technologies in the region could increase from the current 22% of electricity generation to as much as 52% in 2030, provided that the cost of these technologies continues to fall and fossil fuel prices continue to rise. In this scenario, nearly half of the envisaged capacity additions between 2010 and 2030 would be with renewable technologies.
Insights from interviews, a survey and a workshop with potential end-users of the global atlas for solar and wind energy
1st June 2013
The Global Renewable Energy Atlas is an open-access on-line resource intended to support well-informed energy policy and investment decisions. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) have compiled feedback from end-users during this first phase to provide guidance for subsequent Global Atlas expansion. This joint report compiles responses and makes recommendations from extensive end-user consultations.
Renewable Energy Country Profiles provide a comprehensive picture of the situation with regard to renewable energy, including energy supply, electrical generation and grid capacity, and access. Energy policies, targets and projects are also considered, along with each country’s investment climate and endowment with renewable energy resources.
The key message from this report is that it is crucial to ensure a strategic pathway in standardisation for renewable energy technologies, taking into account the requirements and priorities of all involved stakeholders.
Renewable energy auctions are also known as ‘demand auctions’ or ‘procurement auctions’, whereby the government issues a call for tenders to install a certain capacity of renewable energy-based electricity. While studies have been published on feed-in-tariff schemes, literature on auctions is scarce. In an effort to fill the knowledge gap and take stock of experiences to date, this report analyses the design of renewable energy auctions in selected developing countries. The objective is to identify best practices and provide some insights to policy makers regarding the type and the design of auctions.