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Publications, Reports & Research

Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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The CarbonNet Project: development of a CO2 specification for a CCS hub network
The CarbonNet Project: development of a CO2 specification for a CCS hub network

25th May 2016

Organisation(s): Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Parsons Brinckerhoff, Transport and Resources

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Global CCS Institute is supporting the development of the CarbonNet Project through a series of reports and enable the sharing of knowledge throughout its development. The CarbonNet Project, located in the Victoria, Australia is in its feasibility phase. It is planning the development of a hub-based network that will centre on a large capacity pipeline (up to 5 million tonnes per annum) to deep, secure storage sites in the offshore Gippsland Basin.

A critical aspect of hub-based network projects in general is the complex process of gathering multiple sources of CO2 (e.g. coal-fired power stations, natural gas processing, etc.), each with unique properties, into a single pipeline and into a storage site. This report explores the details of different specifications from the various potential capture methods and feedstock, which could come together and how that could impact the specifications of infrastructure and the storage site itself. 

The report outlines the lower and upper bounds of the potential CO2 specifications a hub project could encounter and proposes technically achievable limitations on the whole of project chain. This includes source proponents’ requirement, pipeline integrity and composition, requirements of the storage site, as well as health, safety and environment factors. Finally, the report outlines the techno-economic trade-off between additional processing for the CO2 sources and the impact on transport and storage.

By undertaking these studies in the early phase of project development, barriers such as restrictive specifications can be minimised and this could reduce costs overall, whilst increasing the viability of the multi-user system- the key platform for any hub-based network project. 

 

This report is a product of work undertaken by Parsons Brinckerhoff with inputs from the CarbonNet Project team. 

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Development of a measurement, monitoring and verification technical framework for geological storage of CO2 in Australia: feedback report
Development of a measurement, monitoring and verification technical framework for geological storage of CO2 in Australia: feedback report

1st June 2012

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute, Parsons Brinckerhoff

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 storage, Use and storage (CCUS)

Parsons Brinckerhoff is developing a detailed project plan to support the future development of a nationally consistent technical framework in Australia for the Measurement, Monitoring and Verification (MMV) of geologically stored carbon dioxide. This report includes findings from the literature review, stakeholder engagement and the analysis and option development phase. The literature review addressed international technical and regulatory frameworks and guidelines, relevant international projects, Australian regulatory frameworks, guidelines and key Australian projects. There was strong support among stakeholders for developing a nationally consistent MMV technical framework, and acknowledgement that current Australian legislation fundamentally covers key regulatory and project outcomes sought within a national MMV technical framework. Stakeholders provided feedback on potential issues for the development of a national MMV technical framework.

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호주 지질학적 CO2 저장을 위한  측정, 모니터링 및 검증 (MMV) 기술 관련 프레임워크 개발: 피드백 보고서
호주 지질학적 CO2 저장을 위한 측정, 모니터링 및 검증 (MMV) 기술 관련 프레임워크 개발: 피드백 보고서

1st June 2012

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute, Parsons Brinckerhoff

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 storage, Use and storage (CCUS)

Parsons Brinckerhoff는 Global CCS Institute를 대표, 에너지자원관광부(Department of Energy Resources and Tourism, DRET) 후원 아래 지질학적으로 저장된 이산화탄소의 측정, 모니터링 및 검증 (Measurement, Monitoring and Verification, MMV) 의 국가 기술 프레임워크 개발 지원 계획을 구상하고 있다. 본 보고서는 1단계 – 문헌 검토, 2단계 – 이해 관계자 참여, 3단계 – 개발 내용 분석 및 대책으로 구성되었다. 문헌 검토에서는 국제 기술-규제 프레임워크 및 지침, 관련 국제 프로젝트, 호주 규제 체계와 지침, 호주 핵심 프로젝트 등에 관해 기술하였다. 이해 관계자들은 국가 MMV 기술 프레임워크를 적극 지지하였고, 현행 호주 법안 역시 국가 MMV 기술 프레임워크에서 추구하는 목표를 포괄하는 것으로 인정받는다.

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Accelerating the uptake of CCS: industrial use of captured carbon dioxide
Accelerating the uptake of CCS: industrial use of captured carbon dioxide

20th December 2011

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute, Parsons Brinckerhoff

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 utilisation, Use and storage (CCUS)

The fundamental purpose of this report is to investigate existing and emerging uses of CO2 and to review the potential to capture and reuse CO2for industrial applications in order to accelerate the development and commercial deployment of CCS. It considers both the near-term application of mature technologies such as enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and the longer term application of a number of promising new technologies that are still in the initial stages of their technical development.

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Electricity generation cost model: 2011 update revision 1
Electricity generation cost model: 2011 update revision 1

5th August 2011

Organisation(s): Parsons Brinckerhoff

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Economics, Use and storage (CCUS)

This report provides the supporting information to the update of cost assumptions and technical inputs for the DECC Levelised Electricity Cost Model. 
The report begins by defining the scope of the work which PB undertook and the general limitations which were experienced. The methodology of the work, including the general approach and the data sources used, are then detailed. Also, any fundamental changes which had to be made to the model are explained.

The main focus of the report is an analysis of the methods and assumptions used to update the cost and technical inputs. The main parameters of key timings, technical data, capital costs and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs are discussed in full. The report is concluded by giving an overview of each technology, in terms of the notable updates and key reasons behind these updates. The current state of the technology and any expected future changes are also discussed.

A summary of the updated cost assumptions and technical inputs have been included in the appendices of the report, along with the subsequent levelised cost results.

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CCSの採用を促進する:回収CO2の工業利用
CCSの採用を促進する:回収CO2の工業利用

1st March 2011

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute, Parsons Brinckerhoff

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 utilisation, Use and storage (CCUS)

本報告書の基本目的は、CO2回収貯留(CCS)の開発及び商用規模での実施を促進するためにCO2の既存及び新たな利用法を調査し、工業分野におけるCO2の回収と再利用の可能性を検討することである。本報告書では、石油増進回収(EOR)などの成熟技術の近い将来の利用及び技術開発の初期段階にあるいくつかの有望な新技術の将来的な利用の両方について検討する。 
世界のCO2再利用に関する市場規模は、現在約8千万トン/年であり、北米のEOR需要がその大半を占める。EORの年間CO2需要量は約5千万トンで、そのうち年間4千万トン前後はCO2貯留層から自然に産するCO2が供給されており、その価格は通常約15~19米ドル/トンである。 
人為起源CO2の潜在的供給量は、潜在的需要量よりもはるかに大きい。世界で年間約5億トンの低コスト(20米ドル/トン未満)・高濃度のCO2が、天然ガス処理、肥料プラント及びその他の工業排出源の副産物として利用可能である。高コストではあるが(50~100米ドル/トン)、発電所、製鉄所及びセメント工場から現在排出されている希釈CO2流から、年間約180億トンを回収できる。 
CO2のEORへの再利用は、既存の北米のCCSプロジェクトの収益源であり、EORは北米の多くのCCSプロジェクトの計画に盛り込まれている。世界各地、特に新興国及び発展途上国では、CCS開発の経済的な触媒として、EORの可能性が検討されている。本報告書で検討する重要な課題は、EOR及びその他のCO2の再利用技術がCCSの採用とその商業展開を促進できるのかどうかの是非及びその程度である。 
再利用のための高濃度CO2の将来的な供給量及び市場価格は、政府によるCO2排出に対する規制又は罰則の適用の程度に大きく影響される。したがって、本報告書ではCO2の再利用がCCSの開発を促進する可能性について、炭素規制及び炭素価格が弱い場合並びにそれらが強い場合の双方の状況下における、CO2回収コストの高低とそれらの状況との関係について検討している。

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加快CCS的应用: 捕集的二氧化碳的工业用途
加快CCS的应用: 捕集的二氧化碳的工业用途

1st March 2011

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute, Parsons Brinckerhoff

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 utilisation, Use and storage (CCUS)

本报告的基本目的是调查二氧化碳现有的和新兴的用途并研究捕集与再利用二氧化碳对于工业应用的潜力以便加快CCS的开发和商业推广。它既考虑近期成熟技术的应用例如提高石油采收率(EOR)也考虑许多仍然处于其技术开发初级阶段的、有前景的新技术的较长期应用。

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CCS보급의 가속화: 포집된 이산화탄소의 산업적 활용
CCS보급의 가속화: 포집된 이산화탄소의 산업적 활용

1st March 2011

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute, Parsons Brinckerhoff

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 utilisation, Use and storage (CCUS)

본 보고서의 근본적인 목적은 CCS 개발과 상업적 보급을 가속화 하기 위해서 기존 및 신규 이산화탄소의 활용 방법과 포집된 이산화탄소의 잠재적 재활용 방법을 검토하고 있다. EOR 등의 완성기술 단기적 응용 및 아직 초기 단계인 촉망되는 미완성 기술의 장기적 응용 모두 고려하고 있다.

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Powering the future: mapping our low-carbon path to 2050
Powering the future: mapping our low-carbon path to 2050

1st December 2009

Organisation(s): Parsons Brinckerhoff

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Domestic policy, Economics, Fuel switching, Law and regulation, Policy, Renewables, Use and storage (CCUS)

Powering the Future evaluates options for CO2 emissions reduction across all sectors of the UK economy. Incorporating government published statistics on the current energy consumption and CO2 emissions of each sector, it creates models that allow each improvement option to be analysed and evaluated. Scenario analysis is used to apply a consistent set of such options across all the sectors to evaluate overall CO2 emissions and to compare the value of the different options.

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