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Publications, Reports & Research

Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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2014: The year of concentrating solar power
2014: The year of concentrating solar power

1st May 2014

Organisation(s): US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Renewables, Solar energy

Concentrating solar power (CSP) is a technology that harnesses the sun’s energy potential and has the capacity to provide hundreds of thousands of customers in the United States with reliable renewable energy. The United States is particularly well suited for CSP because it leverages the nation’s abundant solar energy resources, particularly in the sun-drenched southwestern states. 

The year 2014 marks a significant milestone in the history of American solar energy. Through sustained, long-term investments by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and committed industry partners, some of the most innovative CSP plants in the world connected to the United States electricity grid in 2013, and five plants of this kind are expected to be fully operational by the end of 2014.

 

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International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative: fiscal year 2012 annual report
International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative: fiscal year 2012 annual report

12th August 2013

Organisation(s): US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Nuclear energy

This International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative, or I-NERI, annual report provides information on how research and development efforts are collectively helping to establish a solid foundation for advanced nuclear technologies in the United States.

The I-NERI 2012 Annual Report provides an update on I-NERI accomplishments achieved during Fiscal Year (FY) 2012, including final activities and findings of completed projects and comprehensive progress summaries of ongoing projects.

 

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Combined heat and power: a clean energy solution
Combined heat and power: a clean energy solution

1st August 2012

Organisation(s): Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Energy efficiency

Combined heat and power (CHP) is an efficient and clean approach to generating electric power and useful thermal energy from a single fuel source. Instead of purchasing electricity from the distribution grid and burning fuel in an on-site furnace or boiler to produce thermal energy, an industrial or commercial facility can use CHP to provide both energy services in one energy-efficient step.

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A guide to community shared solar: utility, private, and nonprofit project development
A guide to community shared solar: utility, private, and nonprofit project development

1st May 2012

Organisation(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Capacity development, Public engagement, Solar energy

This United States Department of Energy SunShot Initiative guide is a resource for those who want to develop community shared solar projects, from community organizers or solar energy advocates to government officials or utility managers. By exploring the range of incentives and policies while providing examples of operational community shared solar projects, this guide will help communities plan and implement successful energy projects. In addition, by highlighting some policy best practices, this guide suggests changes in the regulatory landscape that could significantly boost community shared solar installations across the nation.

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U.S. billion-ton update: biomass supply for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry
U.S. billion-ton update: biomass supply for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry

1st August 2011

Organisation(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Biofuels / Bioenergy, Economics, Renewables

U.S. Billion-Ton Update updates and builds on a 2005 US government biomass study. This report provides a spatial, county-by-county inventory of primary feedstocks, price and available quantities, and modelling of resource sustainability. 

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The importance of flexible electricity supply
The importance of flexible electricity supply

1st May 2011

Organisation(s): US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Energy efficiency

Electricity demand is constantly changing, making variability and uncertainty inherent characteristics of electric systems. Control mechanisms have been developed to manage variability and uncertainty and maintain reliable operation. To understand the need for flexibility in the generation fleet, it is useful to examine the different grid operating timeframes, which can be divided into regulation, load following, and unit commitment.

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The role of large balancing areas in integrated solar generation
The role of large balancing areas in integrated solar generation

1st May 2011

Organisation(s): US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Renewables, Solar energy

There are over 130 balancing authorities (BA), or control areas, in the United States. Each is responsible for integrating resource plans, maintaining load-interchange-generation balance within a balancing authority area (BAA), controlling transmission flows and voltages, and ensuring that frequency is held within the limits that ensure reliable operation of the power system. This fact sheet dicusses the role these balancing areas have in integrating solar generation.

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The role of electricity markets and market design in integrating solar generation
The role of electricity markets and market design in integrating solar generation

1st May 2011

Organisation(s): US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Renewables, Solar energy

Variable generation (VG) technologies such as solar, wind, and hydro increase the level of variability and uncertainty in power grid operations; characteristics that are inherent of electric power systems. In addition to the unpredictable nature of demand, power plants and transmission lines can unexpectedly drop out of service. This fact sheet will review some of the market design options that aid in integrating VG such as solar.

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A national offshore wind strategy: creating an offshore wind energy industry in the United States
A national offshore wind strategy: creating an offshore wind energy industry in the United States

7th February 2011

Organisation(s): US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Economics, Offshore wind, Renewables, Wind energy

A National Offshore Wind Strategy: Creating an Offshore Wind Energy Industry in the United States was prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Wind and Water Power Program to outline the actions it will pursue to support the development of a world‐class offshore wind industry in the United States.

This report describes how offshore wind energy can help the United States reduce its greenhouse gas emissions, diversify its energy supply, provide cost‐competitive electricity to key coastal regions, and stimulate revitalization of key sectors of the economy by investing in infrastructure and creating skilled jobs.

 

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Mountaineer commercial scale carbon capture and storage project: draft environmental impact statement summary
Mountaineer commercial scale carbon capture and storage project: draft environmental impact statement summary

1st February 2011

Organisation(s): US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Health, safety and environment, Use and storage (CCUS)

This Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) provides information about the potential environmental impacts of the proposed Mountaineer Commercial Scale Carbon Capture and Storage Project which would use a chilled ammonia process (CAP) technology to capture approximately 90 percent of the CO2 from a 235-megawatt portion of AEP’s existing 1,300-MW Mountaineer Plant flue gas exhaust.

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Solar powering your community: a guide for local governments
Solar powering your community: a guide for local governments

1st January 2011

Organisation(s): US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): Domestic policy, Law and regulation, Policy, Public engagement, Renewables, Solar energy

This guide can help stimulate ideas or provide a framework for a comprehensive solar plan for a community. Each section is divided into topic areas - typically within the jurisdiction of local governments - that are integral in creating and supporting local solar markets. Each topic area includes:

  • An introduction that describes the policy or program and states its purpose
  • Information on benefits of implementing the policy or program
  • Tips and options for designing and implementing the policy or program
  • Examples that highlight experiences from communities that have successfully implemented the policy or program; and additional reports, references, and tools that can offer more information on the topic.

DOE recognizes that there is no one path to solar market development, so this guide introduces a range of policy and program options that can help a community build a sustainable solar infrastructure.
This second edition of the guide was updated to include new market developments and innovations for advancing local solar markets that have emerged since the first edition was released in 2009.

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A policy, legal, and regulatory evaluation of the feasibility of a national pipeline infrastructure for the transport and storage of carbon dioxide
A policy, legal, and regulatory evaluation of the feasibility of a national pipeline infrastructure for the transport and storage of carbon dioxide

31st December 2010

Organisation(s): Southern States Energy Board, US Department of Energy (DOE)

Topic(s): CO2 transport, Law and regulation, Policy

The report focuses on the transportation of carbon dioxide (CO2) through pipelines from a "source" to a geologic "sink," the possibility of a federal mandate requiring capture and storage of CO2, and provides an overview of carbon capture drivers, the geologic means of storing CO2. It also describes the nature, size, and location of the significant CO2 pipeline system currently operating in the United States. It describes the state and federal regulatory regime, under which the current CO2 pipeline system operates. An analysis is made of the regulation of CO2 pipeline systems under the Interstate Commerce Act and the Natural Gas Act and potential business models for future CO2 pipeline build-out. Potential regulatory models are described and there is discussion of economic issues relative to future construction of CO2 pipelines. Conclusions and recommendations suggest that the market is repsonding to current CO2 pipeline construction demand. Conclusions recommend that future market response to those needs occur with limited federal intervention.

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