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Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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CO2 pipeline infrastructure
CO2 pipeline infrastructure

1st January 2014

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

The aim of this study is to collate information from the public domain on existing CO2 pipelines into a comprehensive reference document. Other objectives are to discuss the similarities and differences between CO2 and other, specifically natural gas, pipelines and to provide an overview. The overall lessons learned from this study should support project developers, decision makers, regulators and governmental bodies who do not deal with engineering calculations and cost estimates on a regular basis.

Based on a wide range of interviews and literature, Ecofys and SNC Lavalin have gathered detailed information on 29 CO2 pipeline projects (out of more than 80 worldwide). This is now accessible as an interactive mapping tool.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Deployment of CCS in the cement industry
Deployment of CCS in the cement industry

1st December 2013

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

A survey by the International Energy Agency Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEAGHG) finds that the majority of respondents in the cement industry think that CCS is relevant to them and are aware of research projects, with half involved in CCS activities. The survey and subsequent report were part of the IEAGHG’s research into the cement industry which is one of the largest industrial emitters of greenhouse gas, accounting for around 5% globally.

Sponsored by the Global CCS Institute, this independent report presents important findings to help the industry reduce emissions using CCS. The report establishes a range of techniques to reduce CO2 emissions from cement production along with increased energy efficiency. It finds the preferred techniques for capturing CO2 in cement plants are oxyfuel and post combustion capture. While oxyfuel is in general expected to have a lower energy consumption and costs than post combustion capture using liquid solvent scrubbing, it found disadvantages with pre combustion capture. Finally, the report provides an update on the legal and economic environment for CO2 related policies and regulations facing the industry.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Carbon capture and storage regulatory test toolkit for Victoria, Australia: outcomes and recommendations
Carbon capture and storage regulatory test toolkit for Victoria, Australia: outcomes and recommendations

19th November 2013

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Law and regulation, Policy, Public engagement, Use and storage (CCUS)

In 2013, the Victorian and Australian governments, in collaboration with the Global CCS Institute, deployed the Institute’s CCS Regulatory Test Toolkit (the toolkit) for the first time in Australia. The toolkit is a regulatory test exercise that aims to help governments establish whether their carbon capture and storage (CCS) legislative and regulatory frameworks are fit for purpose, providing a low-cost, low-risk approach to testing regional and national legislation and regulatory systems for CCS projects. The toolkit was originally developed for the Scottish Government and sponsored by the Global CCS Institute. It has since been deployed in jurisdictions such as Romania, Trinidad and Tobago, and Malaysia.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

GETICA CCS Demo Project Romania: feasibility study overview report to the Global CCS Institute. Public report
GETICA CCS Demo Project Romania: feasibility study overview report to the Global CCS Institute. Public report

24th January 2013

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Getica CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) large scale demonstration project aims to demonstrate the application of large-scale integrated CCS to an existing coal-fired power plant in Romania's South West Development Region. The feasibility study for the CCS chain (capture, transport, storage) was performed by a consortium comprising the Institute for Studies and Power Engineering (ISPE), Romania; Alstom Carbon Capture, Germany; GeoEcoMar, Romania and Schlumberger Carbon Services, France. The key findings from the feasibility study are presented in this report.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

GETICA CCS Demo Project Romania: financial scenarios report to the Global CCS Institute. Public report
GETICA CCS Demo Project Romania: financial scenarios report to the Global CCS Institute. Public report

24th January 2013

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Project financing, Use and storage (CCUS)

Given that electricity generation in Romania is primarily based on coal, implementing CCS would greatly reduce CO2 emissions while keeping coal-fired power plants operational. This financial scenarios report describes the optimum solution to financing a large-scale CCS project in Romania. It considered the challenges of finding and securing financing sources for the project. The existing financing sources, at European Union (EU) and national level, were analysed in terms of financing structure of the project, project eligibility, origin of financing (public/private), availability of funding, availability in time, and degree of certainty. Three scenarios were created, based on the prospected funding sources for CCS projects. A qualitative assessment was performed and, based on this assessment, the optimum scenario was chosen for the GETICA CCS Demonstration project.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

The CarbonNet Project
The CarbonNet Project

2nd November 2012

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, Use and storage (CCUS)

The CarbonNet Project in Australia is investigating the potential for establishing a world class, large-scale, multi-user carbon capture and storage (CCS) network. The network could integrate multiple carbon dioxide (CO2) capture projects in the State of Victoria’s Latrobe Valley, transporting CO2 via a common-use pipeline and injecting it deep into offshore underground storage sites in Victoria’s Gippsland region. The establishment of a successful CCS network would support the development of new industries in Victoria. Positioning Victoria as a hub for CCS provides a substantial opportunity for new jobs and to boost skills.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Valuation of potential risks arising from a model, commercial-scale CCS project site
Valuation of potential risks arising from a model, commercial-scale CCS project site

1st June 2012

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Engineering and project delivery, Health, safety and environment, Use and storage (CCUS)

A diverse group of organisations from industry, government, and the environmental community jointly sponsored Industrial Economics (IEc), an expert in environmental economics and natural resource damage assessment, to develop and test a model approach for valuing the economic damages arising from a well-sited and well-managed CCS project. These damages included environmental and human health impacts arising from a range of potential events such as pipeline ruptures and subsurface leakage. They do not address potential impacts from facility construction or routine operation, nor do they address potential impacts to workers, business interruption, facility repair or similar ‘private’ costs internal to the operator. The model was successfully developed and applied to a ‘realistic’ project based on the publicly available risk assessment for a site from the FutureGen 1.0 site selection process. The project was planned to inject 50 million metric tons of CO2 over 50 years and to have a 50 year post-injection period (for a 100-year analysis period).

This site-specific application of the model showed that the ‘most likely’ (50th percentile) estimated damages arising from CO2 totalled approximately $7.3 million and ‘upper end’ (95th percentile) estimated damages totalled approximately $16.9 million. On a per metric ton basis, these results translate into ‘most likely’ (50th percentile) estimated damages of $0.15 per metric ton and ‘upper end’ (95th percentile) estimated damages of $0.34 per metric ton. When combined, the estimated damages for CO2 and H2S were roughly 10-15 per cent higher.

It is important to note that the range of damage estimates is highly sensitive to site-specific data. The sponsor group concludes that the tools exist to estimate prospective financial damages. Further, the sponsor group has developed insight into the magnitude and timing of dollar amounts that are likely to be at risk and the conditions under which they may be at risk at a well-selected and well-managed CCS project. This analytic approach is based on generally accepted practices within the financial and insurance industries, and can be applied, with adjustment for location, to CCS projects around the world.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Accelerating the uptake of CCS: industrial use of captured carbon dioxide
Accelerating the uptake of CCS: industrial use of captured carbon dioxide

20th December 2011

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 utilisation, Use and storage (CCUS)

The fundamental purpose of this report is to investigate existing and emerging uses of CO2 and to review the potential to capture and reuse CO2for industrial applications in order to accelerate the development and commercial deployment of CCS. It considers both the near-term application of mature technologies such as enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and the longer term application of a number of promising new technologies that are still in the initial stages of their technical development.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

GETICA CCS Demo Project Romania. Feasibility study report: carbon dioxide capture to the Global CCS Institute. Public report
GETICA CCS Demo Project Romania. Feasibility study report: carbon dioxide capture to the Global CCS Institute. Public report

1st December 2011

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Romanian CCS Demonstration Project is to implement a full chain operational CCS system, capturing 1.5 million tonnes of CO2 emissions per annum from an existing 330 MW unit (no.6) of the Turceni Power Plant in Oltenia, Romania. The CO2 from the capture plant will be transported using (where possible) existing onshore natural gas pipelines and stored underground in onshore deep saline formations within a 50 km radius of the power plant.

The purpose of the feasibility study for the CO2 capture plant is establish, amongst other things, appropriate CCS capture technology for the Getica CCS Demonstration project, the material balance and block flow diagrams for the capture facility, integration concepts, accurate cost estimates, and a preliminary execution plan.

This report aims to help similar CCS projects using post-combustion capture technology.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Getica CCS Demo Project Romania: permitting report to the Global CCS Institute. Public report
Getica CCS Demo Project Romania: permitting report to the Global CCS Institute. Public report

18th November 2011

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Permitting, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Romanian CCS Demonstration Project is to implement a full-chain operational CCS system capturing 1.5 million tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from an existing 330 MW unit (no.6) of the Turceni Power Plant in Oltenia, Romania. The CO2 from the capture plant will be transported using (where possible) existing onshore natural gas pipelines and stored underground in onshore deep saline formations within a 50 km radius of the power plant.

The purpose of the Permitting Report is to identify relevant permits and competent authorities involved in the permitting process, to create a permitting map and a permitting time schedule, and to identify the authorities and the permits considered 'critical' to the development of a CCS project in Romania.

This report aims to help similar CCS projects (using post-combustion capture technology) to identify the attention points and needed conditions to get a successful permitting process.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Carbon capture and storage regulatory test toolkit for Romania
Carbon capture and storage regulatory test toolkit for Romania

17th November 2011

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

In the context of Romania’s Getica CCS Application for NER300 funding, the carbon capture and storage (CCS) regulatory toolkit was deployed to help the Romanian Government test and improve the legislative framework governing the implementation of CCS projects in Romania. The purpose of the toolkit is mainly to identify capacity issues and gaps and/or overlaps in the permitting process in order to streamline it.

Romania transposed EU Directive 2009/31/EC on the geological storage of carbon dioxide through Government Emergency Ordinance (GEO) no. 64/2011. GEO no. 64/2011 sets out the regulatory framework for CCS in Romania which was subject to the regulatory review under the CCS regulatory toolkit.

The Toolkit was developed by the Global CCS Institute based on a test exercise to assess the existing regulatory and consenting framework for CCS in Scotland. The Institute was involved throughout the Scottish project and, in conjunction with Edinburgh University, developed a generic toolkit which may be applied by other governments.

The Toolkit is designed to allow a detailed evaluation of the adequacy of pre-existing regulatory practices to regulate the entirety of the CCS chain, which in turn will enable governments and regulators to swiftly address gaps and obstacles to the deployment of the technology.

In terms of the Romanian application, the CCS regulatory test toolkit has two main components: (i) the regulatory matrix identifying the permits, approvals and authorisations required for implementing CCS projects from planning and construction to decommissioning (matrix), and (ii) the workshop whereby the matrix is formally submitted to the attention of the public authorities which are invited to comment upon the matrix.

As part of the Romanian CCS regulatory toolkit, based on the legislation in force as of the date of drafting the matrix, Salans prepared the matrix which was formally submitted to the attention of the Romanian public authorities during the workshop organised on 21 and 22 July 2011 in Poiana Brasov, Romania. The authorities were invited to comment on the matrix.

This report summarises: (i) the principles upon which the matrix was drafted, (ii) the action plan for organising the workshop, and (iii) the outcome of the workshop.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

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