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Publications, Reports & Research

Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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Technical support for an enabling policy framework for carbon dioxide capture and geological storage
Technical support for an enabling policy framework for carbon dioxide capture and geological storage

1st April 2007

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), Policy, law and regulation

This paper presents a high level view of the key policy options for regulating CO2 capture and storage (CCS) activities in the EU. Also outlined are some suggested issues and amendments to existing EU legislation that will be required in order to clarify their scope, confer their provisions or remove them as potential barriers.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

The liability of carbon dioxide storage
The liability of carbon dioxide storage

1st February 2007

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), Liability

This is a lengthy and detailed thesis including an introduction to both CCS and liability in the US, followed by a dissection of the different types of liability which may be relevant in this context including liability for induced seismicity, groundwater contamination, damage to human health or environment. Draws comparisons with liability for similar operations such as acid gas injection, natural gas storage and enhanced oil recovery using case studies. Concludes with 'lessons learned' and proposed liability scheme.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Capturing the ‘C’ in climate change: CO2 capture and storage
Capturing the ‘C’ in climate change: CO2 capture and storage

1st January 2007

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

This article attempts to provide an update on recent developments in carbon capture and storage (CCS), with particular emphasis on the legal and regulatory provisions that will need to be in place under international, EU and UK law to accommodate the new technology and the risks of storing CO2 underground.  This involves looking at how some of the recent developments link to the London Convention and its protocol, OSPAR, the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol, and how the UK Government might proceed with regulating and licensing CCS in the United Kingdom.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Carbon capture and storage: A legal perspective
Carbon capture and storage: A legal perspective

1st January 2007

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), Policy, law and regulation

This paper provides an up-to-date examination of a number of key existing CCS legal mechanisms and regulatory options at EU and international level and proposals for their change, which it is hoped, could eventually resolve some issues of legal ambiguity.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Storing CO2 under the North Sea Basin: A key solution for combating climate change
Storing CO2 under the North Sea Basin: A key solution for combating climate change

1st January 2007

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

This report represents the first deliverable of the North Sea Basin Task Force, which Norway and the UK established in November 2005 to work together on issues surrounding the transport and storage of CO2 beneath the North Sea. The North Sea represents the best geological opportunity for storing our CO2 emissions away from the atmosphere for both the UK and Norway. On 30 November 2005, Minister Enoksen of Norway and Minister Wicks of the UK agreed to establish a North Sea Basin Task Force, composed of public and private bodies from countries on the rim of the North Sea. Its purpose: to develop common principles for managing and regulating the transport, injection and permanent storage of CO2 in the North Sea sub-seabed.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Industrial carbon dioxide emissions and carbon dioxide storage potential in the UK
Industrial carbon dioxide emissions and carbon dioxide storage potential in the UK

1st October 2006

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), CO2 storage

This report, funded by United Kingdom Department of Trade and Industry, considers the UK’s emissions of carbon dioxide from large industrial point sources such as power stations and the potential geological storage capacity to safely and securely store these emissions.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

CO2 control technology effects on IGCC plant performance and cost
CO2 control technology effects on IGCC plant performance and cost

25th September 2006

Topic(s): Economics, CO2 capture

As part of the USDOE's Carbon Sequestration Program, an integrated modeling framework was developed to evaluate the performance and cost of alternative carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies for fossil-fueled power plants in the context of multi-pollutant control requirements. The model (called IECM, for Integrated Environmental Control Model) also allows for explicit characterization of the uncertainty or variability in any or all input parameters. Power plant options currently include pulverized coal (PC) combustion plants, natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) plants, and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants. This paper uses the IECM to analyze the effects of adding CCS to an IGCC system employing a GE quench gasifier with a water gas shift reactor and Selexol system for CO2 capture. Parameters of interest include the effects of varying the CO2 removal efficiency, the quality and cost of coal, and selected other factors affecting overall plant performance and cost. The stochastic simulation capability of the model also is used to illustrate the effect of uncertainties or variability in key parameters. The potential for advanced oxygen production and gas turbine technologies to reduce the cost and environmental impacts of IGCC with CCS also is analyzed.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

International carbon capture and storage projects: overcoming legal barriers
International carbon capture and storage projects: overcoming legal barriers

23rd June 2006

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), Policy, law and regulation

This paper examines regulatory developments of major CCS projects to determine actual progress in regulating such projects. There are five case studies of CCS projects that range from enhanced resource recovery to direct storage and which have been developed for a mix of purposes, such as commercial, research and development, and pilot demonstrations. These case studies indicate that regulatory progress varies greatly among projects, and differs depending on the size, scope, and the location of the projects. The focus of this report is the legal and regulatory context for international projects, but it should be recognised that CCS field projects in the United States are also addressing many of the regulatory issues related to CCS.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

1996 protocol to the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other matter, 1972 and resolutions adopted by the special meeting
1996 protocol to the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other matter, 1972 and resolutions adopted by the special meeting

24th March 2006

Topic(s): Health, safety and environment

 The 1996 Protocol represents a major change of approach to the question of how to regulate the use of the sea as a depository for waste materials in that, in essence, dumping is prohibited, except for materials on an approved list. This contrasts with the 1972 Convention which permitted dumping of wastes at sea, except for those materials on a banned list. The first Meeting under the Protocol was held from 30 October to 3 November 2006, in conjunction with the 28th Consultative Meeting of the Parties to the London Convention. One of the first key issues for discussion under the 1996 Protocol was a review of the compatibility of CO2 capture and storage in sub-seabed geological structures, as part of a suite of measures to tackle the challenge of climate change and ocean acidification.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

The future of coal in a greenhouse gas constrained world
The future of coal in a greenhouse gas constrained world

1st January 2006

Topic(s): Carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS)

An interdisciplinary group of MIT faculty and research staff have participated in a study to assess the contribution coal can make to the growing world energy demand during a period of increasing concern about global climate change. The study looks out to the year 2050 and assesses technologies and policies we should pursue in the short-term so that we can utilize coal in the longer-term and reduce its associated CO2 emissions by at least 1 GtC. This paper summarizes the findings from three key components of the study: future coal use, coal conversion technologies, and CO2 sequestration. The full report will be available over the internet in summer of 2006.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

1996 protocol to the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other material, 1972
1996 protocol to the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other material, 1972

1st January 2006

Topic(s): Health, safety and environment

1996 protocol to the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other material, 1972

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Social cost of carbon: a closer look at uncertainty
Social cost of carbon: a closer look at uncertainty

1st November 2005

Topic(s): Economics, Social cost

Uncertainty is inherent in estimates of the social cost of carbon (SCC). The UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) initiated this research to evaluate the sources of uncertainties, plausible ranges of estimates of the SCC and areas for further research and assessment. The analytical framework for the project is a risk assessment that brings together elements of uncertainty in climate change and its impacts with uncertainties in economic valuation; both are related to the context of decision making.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

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