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Publications, Reports & Research

Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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The future of coal in a greenhouse gas constrained world
The future of coal in a greenhouse gas constrained world

1st January 2006

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

An interdisciplinary group of MIT faculty and research staff have participated in a study to assess the contribution coal can make to the growing world energy demand during a period of increasing concern about global climate change. The study looks out to the year 2050 and assesses technologies and policies we should pursue in the short-term so that we can utilize coal in the longer-term and reduce its associated CO2 emissions by at least 1 GtC. This paper summarizes the findings from three key components of the study: future coal use, coal conversion technologies, and CO2 sequestration. The full report will be available over the internet in summer of 2006.

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1996 protocol to the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other material, 1972
1996 protocol to the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other material, 1972

1st January 2006

Organisation(s): Carbon Capture Legal Programme (CCLP)

Topic(s): Health, safety and environment

1996 protocol to the convention on the prevention of marine pollution by dumping of wastes and other material, 1972

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Social cost of carbon: a closer look at uncertainty
Social cost of carbon: a closer look at uncertainty

1st November 2005

Organisation(s): Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), Stockholm Environment Institute

Topic(s): Economics, Social cost

Uncertainty is inherent in estimates of the social cost of carbon (SCC). The UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) initiated this research to evaluate the sources of uncertainties, plausible ranges of estimates of the SCC and areas for further research and assessment. The analytical framework for the project is a risk assessment that brings together elements of uncertainty in climate change and its impacts with uncertainties in economic valuation; both are related to the context of decision making.

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Property interests and liability of geologic carbon dioxide storage
Property interests and liability of geologic carbon dioxide storage

1st September 2005

Topic(s): CO2 storage, Liability

Carbon dioxide capture and storage involves the capture of carbon dioxide from a stationary source and injection into a suitable storage site. Increasing attention is being paid to the use of geologic formations as storage reservoirs for captured carbon dioxide. Property interests play a role in determining the cost of geologic storage through the acquisition of necessary geologic reservoir property rights and the value of storage through ownership of injected carbon dioxide. The determination of the ownership interest for the storage reservoir depends on whether carbon dioxide is being injected into a mineral formation, including depleted oil and gas reservoirs, unmineable coal seams, and oil reservoirs for enhanced oil recovery, in which case ownership determination is based on mineral law, or whether carbon dioxide is being into a deep saline formation, in which case the determination of property interests is influenced by water law. Acquisition of ownership rights over the formation may be done by voluntary methods, eminent domain, or adverse possession. Ownership over injected carbon dioxide will depend on whether a state subscribes to the ownership or non-ownership theory of injected gas. Liability concerning property rights may derive from several theories, including geophysical surface trespass, geophysical subsurface trespass, or liability from commingling of goods. Legislation on the state or federal level concerning property interests and eminent domain power may provide clarification over property interests and liability of geologic storage of carbon dioxide.

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Building the cost curves for CO2 storage: European sector
Building the cost curves for CO2 storage: European sector

17th February 2005

Organisation(s): IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEAGHG)

Topic(s): CO2 storage, Economics

The IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG) has been systematically evaluating the cost and potential for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases arising from anthropogenic activities, especially the use of fossil fuels. A mitigation technology that has been given particular attention is the capture and storage of CO2 originating from large stationary point sources. To date a series of studies have been undertaken, on a range of options for the storage of carbon dioxide. 

This report reviews the development of a CO2 storage cost curve for Europe. The study has been carried out by The Netherlands Geological Survey (TNO-NITG) in co-operation with the geological surveys of Britain (BGS) and Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) and ECOFYS.

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Building the cost curves for CO2 storage: North America
Building the cost curves for CO2 storage: North America

1st February 2005

Organisation(s): IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEAGHG)

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 storage, Economics, Use and storage (CCUS)

The IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme has been systematically evaluating the cost and potential for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases arising from anthropogenic activities, especially the use of fossil fuels. To allow the different mitigation options under consideration to be compared IEA GHG has developed a series of mitigation cost curves which show the potential capacity for COreduction as a function of the cost. This report reviews the development of a COstorage cost curve for North America, which covers on-shore USA and Canada.

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European CO2 capture and storage projects
European CO2 capture and storage projects

10th September 2004

Organisation(s): European Commission

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

This publication provides an overview of the European Commission’s Fifth Framework carbon capture and storage (CCS) programme (1999-2002) and a snapshot of CCS projects funded under the Sixth Programme (2002-2006).

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