The western wind and solar integration study phase 2
1st September 2013
This report describes the findings of a National Renewable Energy Laboratory study into the costs and emissions impacts of the addition of solar and wind power to a predominately fossil-fuelled electricity grid. The study found that the impact of 33% wind and solar penetration on system operations is to increase cycling costs but also to displace annual fuel costs by approximately $7 billion. The study also found that up to 33% wind and solar energy penetration in the United States’ portion of the Western grid avoids 29%–34% carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions throughout the western grid.
The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.
Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.