Understanding industrial CCS hubs and clusters
28th June 2016
The technology components of carbon capture and storage (CCS) are already proven and in use across a variety of industries and applications.
In some instances, individual industrial facilities can capture millions of tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year. However, many industrial plants operate at much smaller scales, and as a result have lower overall emissions. While the combined level of emissions from a number of such smaller scale facilities can be significant, it may be uneconomic for any individual facility to consider application of the full CCS chain which includes capture, compression, transport and permanent storage of CO2.
One solution to this problem is clustering, in which several industrial facilities share CCS infrastructure and knowledge, and thus reduce their costs compared with each facility attempting to individually reduce emissions. This report provides an overview of the idea of clustering as applied to industrial CCS projects, and examines the conditions needed for its more widespread adoption.