A Gap Analysis of China’s Regulatory Framework for CO2 Geological Storage

16th April 2024

Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) has emerged as a pivotal component of China’s carbon neutrality strategy. Momentum has been building since the country’s commitment in 2020 to peak CO2 emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060. Both state-owned and large-scale private enterprises are rapidly advancing CCUS projects across various sectors, from power generation to petrochemicals, coal-chemicals, and cement production.

China now stands among the major economies with integrated megaton-scale CCUS projects in operation. Nonetheless, the absence of a clearly defined legal and regulatory framework for CO2 geological storage in China adds uncertainties to this progress. This regulatory gap analysis for China’s CO2 geological storage draws on lessons from the US, the EU and Australia, and the work of the International Energy Agency, the World Resources Institute and the Global CCS Institute.

It will assist international project developers in understanding China’s regulatory landscape for CO2 geological storage projects and provide domestic policymakers and researchers with insights to enhance and refine regulatory frameworks. The success of CCUS implementation in China will not only determine the success of the country’s climate commitments but also impact the global deployment of this critical climate mitigation technology.


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A Gap Analysis of China’s Regulatory Framework for CO2 Geological Storage


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