Connecting the sun: solar photovoltaics on the road to large-scale grid integration
1st September 2012
This study aims to provide a holistic vision of how solar electricity will be integrated in the electricity system. It is based on new scenarios for the penetration of PV electricity in 2030. These scenarios have been combined with corresponding wind penetration scenarios. From there, a detailed analysis of balancing needs has been conducted for all 27 EU Member States in order to better understand system operation challenges. At distribution level, the study analyses the main constraints associated with high shares of distributed generation. It also considers the effect that grid integration costs will have on the overall competitiveness of PV against other forms of electricity.
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