Publications, Reports & Research

Publications, Reports & Research

Industrial CCS

28th June 2016

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Use and storage (CCUS)

Introduction to industrial carbon capture and storage

Carbon capture and storage, or CCS, is a process used to capture carbon dioxide gas (CO2) that is produced by power stations or other types of industrial facilities. To keep CO2 out of the atmosphere, it is captured from the power plant or industry, transported, and securely stored underground, permanently.

One of the major benefits of CCS as an emissions reduction technology is that it can be applied to different types of CO2 emissions sources, particularly those with very large volumes of emissions, such as power plants and some industrial facilities.

Importantly, CCS is a proven technology that is already in operation around the world, in a number of industrial sectors. These industrial applications are the main focus of this report, and some of them date back as far as the 1970s and 1980s.

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Understanding industrial CCS hubs and clusters

The technology components of carbon capture and storage (CCS) are already proven and in use across a variety of industries and applications.

In some instances, individual industrial facilities can capture millions of tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year. However, many industrial plants operate at much smaller scales, and as a result have lower overall emissions. While the combined level of emissions from a number of such smaller scale facilities can be significant, it may be uneconomic for any individual facility to consider application of the full CCS chain which includes capture, compression, transport and permanent storage of CO2.

One solution to this problem is clustering, in which several industrial facilities share CCS infrastructure and knowledge, and thus reduce their costs compared with each facility attempting to individually reduce emissions. This report provides an overview of the idea of clustering as applied to industrial CCS projects, and examines the conditions needed for its more widespread adoption.

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