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Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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CCS in the Circular Carbon Economy: Policy and Regulatory Recommendations
CCS in the Circular Carbon Economy: Policy and Regulatory Recommendations

23rd July 2021

Topic(s): ccs, CCS Finance, CCS Investment, Policy

CCS is one of many climate mitigating technologies that is mature, commercially available, and absolutely necessary to achieve global net-zero ambitions and a stable climate. The total installed CCS capacity must increase 100-fold by 2050 to limit global warming to below 2° Celsius.

This report summarises policy and legal factors that have a material impact on the investability of CCS projects and makes recommendations on how governments may facilitate greater private sector investment in CCS.

The report examines and covers:

  • Financing CCS
  • The development of CCS-specific legal and regulatory frameworks
  • Recommendations addressing policy, finance and regulatory matters

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Surveying the U.S. Federal CCS Policy Landscape in 2021
Surveying the U.S. Federal CCS Policy Landscape in 2021

4th May 2021

Topic(s): ccs, CCS policy, Domestic policy, Law and regulation

2021 is proving to be a busy year for CCS policy in the United States. With the year not yet one third over, Members of the House of Representatives and Senate had already introduced five bipartisan bills that aim to accelerate the deployment of CCS. This brief details the contents of those bills and explains the rationale behind their policy proposals.

More broadly, though, Senior Advocacy & Communications Adviser, Matt Bright, uses this brief to examine the three pillars of CCS policy that undergird the advance of this technology in the U.S. In addition, this brief gives the reader a grand tour of U.S. CCS policy history from its inception to the present day in order to paint a complete picture of how strong policy can accelerate the deployment of CCS. In this way, the U.S. CCS policy landscape can be viewed as a lens to magnify the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead for global CCS deployment in the coming decades.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Technology Readiness and Costs of CCS
Technology Readiness and Costs of CCS

29th March 2021

Topic(s): ccs, technology readiness

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) are essential technologies to help achieve net zero ambitions. The cost of deployment of CO2 capture, transport and storage systems is of vital economic and environmental importance. This importance will continue to increase as the scale and breadth of CCS deployment grows around the world.

As part of the Circular Carbon Economy: Keystone to Global Sustainability series with Columbia University's SIPA Center on Global Energy Policy, this report examines CCS technology from two perspectives: technology readiness and factors influencing costs.

Key drivers of CCS cost include:

  • Economies of scale;
  • Partial pressure of CO2 in the source gas;
  • Energy costs; and
  • Technological innovation.

Mature and emerging technologies in carbon capture, transport and storage are surveyed for technological readiness. Technological development will be a key element of driving future cost reductions in CCS and applying CCS to hard-to-abate sectors such as cement, steel and direct air capture.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Carbon Removal with CCS Technologies
Carbon Removal with CCS Technologies

26th January 2021

Topic(s): Carbon removal, ccs, CCS policy, Negative Emissions Technologies, Policy

With the transition to a low-carbon economy steadily underway, CCS is becoming recognised as a tool that complements the wide array of climate approaches being utilised to reach climate neutrality. The role of emission reductions and removals in the mitigation of climate change will change over time. It is widely agreed that emission reductions should be prioritised on the pathway to net zero. This, however, will change once net zero emissions are achieved; net zero is a point on the journey, not the final destination. Carbon removal will become the main driver of climate ambition in the second half of the century.

In this brief, Senior Policy Advisor with the Global CCS Institute, Eve Tamme, explains the dual role of CCS in climate change mitigation, and provides an overview of the two technological carbon removal approaches that use CCS: bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) and direct air capture with carbon storage (DACCS). Along with highlighting the varied applications of CCS, this brief also includes a summary of ongoing challenges and opportunities tied to carbon removal related policy development.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Replacing 10% of NSW Natural Gas Supply with Clean Hydrogen: Comparison of Hydrogen Production Options
Replacing 10% of NSW Natural Gas Supply with Clean Hydrogen: Comparison of Hydrogen Production Options

17th November 2020

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Australia, ccs, Hydrogen

Clean hydrogen is produced by either using renewable energy to produce green hydrogen, or by using fossil fuels with carbon capture and storage (CCS) to create blue hydrogen.

As part of determining the most cost-effective method of creating clean hydrogen, Coal Innovation NSW (CINSW) commissioned the Global CCS Institute to investigate the production costs of replacing 10 per cent of NSW’s natural gas supply with clean hydrogen.

The study considers a scenario where sufficient clean hydrogen is produced to achieve a 10% H2:90% CH4 (natural gas) mix by volume in the NSW gas network and supply the same total energy as is currently supplied by natural gas alone. Options considered were reformation of natural gas with carbon capture and storage (CCS), coal gasification with CCS, and electrolysis of water using renewable electricity. The study found that the best option for the production of clean hydrogen in NSW considering cost, scale, resource use, and emissions abatement outcomes is to utilise coal or gas with CCS.

See NSW Government for further information

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Remove: Carbon Capture and Storage
Remove: Carbon Capture and Storage

2nd November 2020

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): ccs, CCS policy

Ahead of the 2020 G20 summit, the Global CCS Institute was asked to contribute to the Circular Carbon Economy (CCE) Guide, organised by KAPSARC. In a report titled 'Remove: Carbon Capture and Storage', Alex Zapantis assesses the value of CCS as an effective climate mitigating technology that aims to remove CO2 from the atmosphere and support the establishment of a circular carbon economy.

The report was discussed during a live webinar hosted by KAPSARC.

To read the report in full, click download below.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Is CCS expensive?
Is CCS expensive?

30th May 2020

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): ccs, cost

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is needed as part of the toolkit of technologies to achieve net-zero emissions by mid-century. Yet, texts and commentary about CCS often include qualifiers that are related to the expenditures necessary to deploy it; ‘costly’, ‘exorbitantly expensive’, ‘unaffordable’, ‘uneconomical’. As such, the argument most often brought forward against deployment of CCS is that it is an expensive way of reducing emissions.

This brief written by our Senior Advisors for Advocacy and Communications Lucy Temple-Smith and Lee Beck demonstrates that:

  • To reach net-zero emissions by mid-century and achieve global climate change targets all decarbonisation options are needed.
  • Carbon capture and storage (CCS) plays an important role reducing emissions to net-zero and limiting the overall system cost of decarbonisation.
  • With versatile applications, CCS cost differs across its variety of industrial and power-related applications – there is no singular cost of CCS.
  • Considering the urgency of the climate crisis, cost should not be a deterrent to investing in CCS nor dictate sequencing of the deployment of decarbonisation options. Instead, deployment will lead to cost reductions.
  • A value on carbon is needed to support the business case for large-scale CCS deployment and overcome the technology ‘valley of death’.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

CCS Development in Southeast Asia
CCS Development in Southeast Asia

25th May 2020

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): ccs, CCUS, Southeast Asia

In recent decades, Southeast Asia has been one of fastest growing regions of the world. Its energy demand has grown more than 80 per cent from 2000. Oil, coal and gas provides more than 70 per cent of its energy. With the region's power generation fuel mix and rapidly growing natural gas production, alongside established and emerging emissions reduction committments, CCS has a unique and critical role to play.

In this paper, Institute’s Senior Client Engagement Lead Dr Tony Zhang, discusses why Southeast Asia needs CCS, the specific drivers behind the opportunities for accelerated deployment and the critical role of CCS hub and cluster networks in reducing the region's emissions.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

The Value of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
The Value of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)

13th May 2020

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): ccs, economic growth, employment, Industrial CCS, jobs

The new flagship Global CCS Institute thought leadership report analyzes the major benefits of the large-scale investment and deployment of CCS and discusses the existing evidence related to the value of CCS under two overarching themes.

CCS as an essential technology to economically meet long-term climate targets and for risk mitigation through: 

  • Achieving deep decarbonisation in hard-to-abate industry;
  • Enabling the production of clean hydrogen at scale;
  • Providing low-carbon dispatchable power;
  • Delivering negative emissions.

CCS is a driver of economic growth and employment by: 

  • Creating and sustaining jobs;
  • Supporting economic growth through new net-zero industries and innovation spillovers;
  • Facilitating a just transition by alleviating geographic and timing mismatches;
  • Enabling infrastructure reuse and deferral of decommissioning costs.

This report was authored by the Institute's Senior Consultant - Economics Alex Townsend and Research Analyst Nabeela Raji, as well as the Institute's General Manager - Commercial, Alex Zapantis. You can tweet about the report using #ValueCCS.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

CCS: Applications and Opportunities for the Oil and Gas Industry
CCS: Applications and Opportunities for the Oil and Gas Industry

7th May 2020

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): ccs, Energy, Oil and Gas, Transition

As oil and gas companies are evolving their business models in the context of the energy transition,  and a growing number of them are committing to net-zero targets,  CCS has started to feature more prominently in their strategies and investments.

In this paper, Institute’s General Manager Guloren Turan discusses how CCS can support the oil and gas industry’s low-carbon transition and addresses current developments and opportunities in applications including gas processing, enhanced oil recovery, ethanol production, refining, low-carbon hydrogen production, gas-fired power generation, and direct air capture.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

The Role of CCS in the Paris Agreement and its Article 6
The Role of CCS in the Paris Agreement and its Article 6

29th April 2020

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, Carbon markets, Carbon removal, ccs, Policy

There has been a growing interest within the Institute’s membership – and elsewhere – in the opportunities to drive the deployment of CCS by the provisions of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. This paper draws together all the latest information and thinking on the Article and its role in enabling countries to meet the objectives they have set themselves in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), with particular emphasis on how it can impact CCS.

The paper, authored by our Senior Policy Advisor Eve Tamme and Consultant John Scowcroft, provides insights into the history of Article 6, elaborates on how it can be an enabler for CCS, and looks into the upcoming developments in this field by answering the following questions:
• What does Article 6 do?
• What does Article 6 not do?
• Where is Article 6 in the international climate negotiations?
• What does Article 6 mean for CCS?
• What are the next steps?

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Scaling up the CCS Market to Deliver Net-Zero Emissions
Scaling up the CCS Market to Deliver Net-Zero Emissions

20th April 2020

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): ccs, CCS Facilities, Policy

Understanding how the CCS market is likely to develop over the coming years is of interest to a wide range of stakeholders. It can help inform the timing and design of policies introduced by governments, the scale of the market for potential investors, and the challenges associated with meeting long-term climate targets.

This report aims to inform the discussion on these topics by providing an overview of the near-term and longer-term developments in the CCS market.

It reviews the current CCS facility pipeline, and how that could change in the next few years given project lead-in times. It then considers how this compares to projections of the number of CCS facilities needed to meet long-term climate goals. Throughout the report the number of CCS facilities deployed is used as a proxy for the size of the CCS market.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

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