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Publications, Reports & Research

Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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Challenges related to carbon transportation and storage – showstoppers for CCS?
Challenges related to carbon transportation and storage – showstoppers for CCS?

6th January 2017

Topic(s): CO2 storage, CO2 transport

While developments in the capturing of carbon have historically garnered much attention, meeting the objectives and aspirations of the Paris Agreement will require a (shared) CO2 transportation and storage infrastructure that can service multiple sectors of the economy. In some areas, the use of CO2 in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) has spurred development of such infrastructure but this opportunity is not available to all and the scale of CCS deployment in coming decades requires much greater access to non-EOR storage resources. A growing body of research is examining various support models that could incentivise CCS. Concepts such as ‘splitting the chain’, or tailoring transportation and storage infrastructure development to help de-risk capture project decision-making, have emerged, along with consideration of various public/private shared investment models.

This policy brief adds to the emerging ‘chorus of voices’ on the importance of transportation and storage infrastructure development in facilitating global CCS deployment. The brief highlights the challenges that will have to be addressed to build out CO2 transportation and storage infrastructure to the scale necessary to meet global climate ambitions and recommends a number of focus areas for policy development and enhancement. 

As we look forward to the next five years and the putting in place of key enablers to global CCS deployment, this policy brief is a valuable addition to aid in public and policy discussion. 

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GipNet – Baseline environmental data gathering and measurement technology validation for nearshore marine Carbon Storage
GipNet – Baseline environmental data gathering and measurement technology validation for nearshore marine Carbon Storage

22nd August 2016

Organisation(s): Department of Economic Development, Global CCS Institute, Jobs, Transport and Resources, Victorian Government

Topic(s): CO2 storage, CO2 transport

The Global CCS Institute is supporting the CarbonNet Project through the development of a series of knowledge share reports. The CarbonNet Project has completed its feasibility phase investigating the development of a hub-based network that will centre on a large capacity pipeline transporting CO2 to secure subsurface offshore storage sites, in Victoria, Australia. The Project's storage sites, for which permits have been obtained, have the capacity to store up to 5 million tonnes pa over 25 years in the nearshore shallow marine environment of the Gippsland Basin.
 
The measurement, monitoring, and verification (MMV) of the CO2 plume will be a standard procedure during the operation of any CCS project. Before monitoring of the plume commences, the natural environment prior to injection must be understood. Often this is achieved through baseline monitoring and requires the validation of techniques for the particular context. Baseline monitoring predominantly will focus on establishing what the conditions are like in the storage complex prior to injection. But the monitoring can also extend to measuring the natural variability of CO2 on the surface and near-surface around the storage site and recording the background geological conditions (eg. seismicity). Given the long time frames and normal variation in environmental and operating conditions during the lifespan of a CCS MMV program, it is critical that the technologies selected meet future operating requirements including regulatory requirements and stakeholder expectations.
 
This report reviews the practicalities of establishing three baseline measurement networks that span different aspects of the Gippsland nearshore environment:
•Seismicity,
•Atmospheric conditions, and
•Seafloor and water column conditions.
 
These networks will be deployed through the GipNet Program. The purpose of the Program is to validate thresholds for detection in the local environment, i.e. the nearshore shallow marine area in which CarbonNet's storage sites are located. This area is similar in many respects to other prospective storage basins globally. If successful the technologies could be used to undertake pre-injection baseline measurements and may form a component of the MMV program for the CarbonNet Project. The report details a five-year program, including the proposed technologies to be used and outlines the advantages and limitations of each technology. Importantly, the report describes the potential for the technology to determine whether stored CO2 is behaving as expected; this is a critical requirement for stakeholder assurance.

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The CarbonNet Project: development of a CO2 specification for a CCS hub network
The CarbonNet Project: development of a CO2 specification for a CCS hub network

25th May 2016

Organisation(s): Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Parsons Brinckerhoff, Transport and Resources

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Global CCS Institute is supporting the development of the CarbonNet Project through a series of reports and enable the sharing of knowledge throughout its development. The CarbonNet Project, located in the Victoria, Australia is in its feasibility phase. It is planning the development of a hub-based network that will centre on a large capacity pipeline (up to 5 million tonnes per annum) to deep, secure storage sites in the offshore Gippsland Basin.

A critical aspect of hub-based network projects in general is the complex process of gathering multiple sources of CO2 (e.g. coal-fired power stations, natural gas processing, etc.), each with unique properties, into a single pipeline and into a storage site. This report explores the details of different specifications from the various potential capture methods and feedstock, which could come together and how that could impact the specifications of infrastructure and the storage site itself. 

The report outlines the lower and upper bounds of the potential CO2 specifications a hub project could encounter and proposes technically achievable limitations on the whole of project chain. This includes source proponents’ requirement, pipeline integrity and composition, requirements of the storage site, as well as health, safety and environment factors. Finally, the report outlines the techno-economic trade-off between additional processing for the CO2 sources and the impact on transport and storage.

By undertaking these studies in the early phase of project development, barriers such as restrictive specifications can be minimised and this could reduce costs overall, whilst increasing the viability of the multi-user system- the key platform for any hub-based network project. 

 

This report is a product of work undertaken by Parsons Brinckerhoff with inputs from the CarbonNet Project team. 

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CO2の輸送
CO2の輸送

17th November 2015

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

インスティテュートは、CCSに関する基本情報をまとめたFACT SHEETシリーズを作成した。「CO2の輸送」は、CO2の輸送に焦点を当て概要をとりまとめたものである。

Japanese translation of Transporting CO2.

 

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The Global CCS Institute presents the first detailed report on CO2 pipeline design for Australia. This comprehensive investigation provides a critical review of current Australian and global pipeline design standards for CO2 transport. The report provides insight into the current Australian Standards for Pipeline Design, AS2885 and undertaking fit-for-purpose dispersion modeling for CO2 detailing a set of guidelines and best practice recommendations.

The report was prepared for Brown Coal Innovation by Sherpa Consulting and funded by the Australian National Low Emissions Coal Research and Development Ltd (ANLEC R&D) and the Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport, and Resources of the State of Victoria, administered through Brown Coal Innovation Australia Limited and is part of the series of reports focussing on CCS in Victoria.

Chris Consoli, Institute Senior Adviser for Storage, Asia-Pacific also provides an overview of the report in an Insight available on the Global CCS Institute website.

This report is republished with the permission of The CarbonNet Project. It was funded in part by a contribution by the Global CCS Institute, commissioned within the scope of The CarbonNet Project and in line with The Institute's mission to accelerate the development, demonstration and deployment of carbon capture and storage globally. The views expressed within the report are those of the authors and not necessarily of the Global CCS Institute.

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Feasibility assessment of the options for up-scaling proposed CCS facility
Feasibility assessment of the options for up-scaling proposed CCS facility

28th August 2015

Organisation(s): Det Norske Veritas (DNV), National Grid Carbon

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

National Grid Carbon (NGC) is developing a carbon dioxide transportation and storage system to support the provision of Carbon Capture and Storage technology in the Yorkshire and Humber region.

Initially, this will involve the construction of a cross country pipeline and subsea pipeline for transporting captured CO2 to a permanent storage site in the Bunter sandstone aquifer located within Block 5/42 of the UK sector of the Southern North Sea.

The initial CO2 load is anticipated to be supplied by the Drax power station and will be a maximum of 2.68 Million Tonnes per Annum (MTPA). However, with this load, the utilisation of the proposed CCS facility will be well below its capacity. NGC anticipates a second CO2 load from the Don Valley Power project to enhance the aquifer utilisation. In addition, NGC is also seeking to review potential options for up-scaling the CCS facility by transporting additional CO2 from Rotterdam via ship or pipeline into the proposed injection facility.

DNV GL have been engaged by NGC to carry out a feasibility study to assess two options for up-scaling the proposed carbon capture and storage facilities. Option 1 proposes to transport CO2 from Rotterdam directly to the injection facility in the Southern North Sea (Pipeline Option) whilst Option 2 proposes to transport CO2 by ship from Rotterdam to a reception facility on the River Humber, from where a pipeline will connect into the proposed CCS Cross Country pipeline at Camblesforth multi-junction (Shipping Option).

Three flow rates have been assessed for each option; (A) 2 MTPA, (B) 5 MTPA, and (C) 7.32 MTPA.

The findings and recommendations from this study are presented in this report.

 

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Transporting CO2
Transporting CO2

7th May 2015

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

This fact sheet by the Global CCS Institute describes how carbon dioxide is safely transported during the carbon capture and storage process.

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Thematic report: CO2 transport session May 2014
Thematic report: CO2 transport session May 2014

9th December 2014

Organisation(s): European CCS Demonstration Project Network

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

This report summarises the topics discussed at the Thematic Workshop on CO2 Transport of the European CCS Demonstration Project Network. It covers the updates from three Network projects: ROAD (NL), Compostilla (ES), and Sleipner (NO) with apologies for absence from the Don Valley Project (UK).

The knowledge sharing meeting, held in Ponferrada (Spain) on 8-9 May 2014 and hosted by CIUDEN (Compostilla Project), addressed also the topics of storage and regulatory developments, covered in separate reports.

 

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The Global Status of CCS: 2014
The Global Status of CCS: 2014

5th November 2014

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 capture, CO2 storage, CO2 transport, CO2 utilisation, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Global CCS Institute is pleased to announce the release of our Global Status of CCS: 2014 report. 

The report provides a detailed overview of the current status of large-scale CCS projects worldwide, finding that 2014 has been a pivotal year for CCS, which is now a reality in the power industry. 

For the first time, the report introduces and provides links to project descriptions for around 40 lesser scale ‘notable’ CCS projects. The 2014 report focuses on a number of ‘notable’ projects in Japan. 

The Global Status of CCS: 2014 report provides a comprehensive overview of global and regional developments in CCS and what is required to support global climate mitigation efforts. Providing a number of key recommendations for decision makers, The Global Status of CCS: 2014 report is an important reference guide for industry, government, research bodies and the broader community.

Supplementary Information Presentation Package

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The Global Status of CCS: 2014 Summary Report
The Global Status of CCS: 2014 Summary Report

5th November 2014

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 capture, CO2 storage, CO2 transport, CO2 utilisation, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Global Status of CCS: 2014 Summary Report provides an executive overview of the key findings and recommendations contained in the Institute’s Global Status of CCS: 2014 report.

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The Global Status of CCS: 2014 Supplementary Information Presentation Package
The Global Status of CCS: 2014 Supplementary Information Presentation Package

5th November 2014

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 capture, CO2 storage, CO2 transport, CO2 utilisation, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Supplementary Information presentation package includes chart materials not included in the Global Status of CCS: 2014 report. This material provides additional detail on the status of large-scale CCS projects globally. When used in conjunction with previous status reports, it provides researchers with access to the world’s most comprehensive historical data set on large-scale CCS projects.

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المكانة العالمية للمعهد الدولي لاحتجاز وتخزين الكربون | 2014
المكانة العالمية للمعهد الدولي لاحتجاز وتخزين الكربون | 2014

5th November 2014

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 capture, CO2 storage, CO2 transport, CO2 utilisation, Use and storage (CCUS)

تم البدء بتنفيذ أول مشروع في العالم لاحتجاز وتخزين الكربون على النطاق الواسع في قطاع الطاقة في شهر تشرين الأول من عام 2014 على محطة كهرباء باونداري دام في ساسكاتشوان، كندا. ومن المقرر أن يدخل مشروعان إضافيان لاحتجاز وتخزين الكربون على النطاق الواسع حيز التنفيذ في قطاع الطاقة- في مرفق مقاطعة كمبر للطاقة في ولاية الميسيسيبي ومشروع بترا نوفا لاحتجاز الكربون في ولاية تكساس في عامي 2015 و2016 على التوالي. ويجري أيضاً العمل على أول مشروع في العالم لاحتجاز وتخزين الكربون على النطاق الواسع في قطاع الحديد والصلب، ومشروع أبو ظبي لاحتجاز وتخزين الكربون في الإمارات العربية المتحدة. وهذه المشاريع الأربعة هي من بين 22 مشروع لاحتجاز وتخزين الكربون على النطاق الواسع التي يجري العمل عليها أو تنفيذها في جميع أنحاء العالم- وهو ضعف الرقم الذي كان في بداية هذا العقد. 

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