Publications, Reports & Research
Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.
Government policy, given effect through law and the allocation of public resources, is critical to achieving climate targets. It plays a material role in determining the return on investment for any climate mitigation technology making confidence in government policy a pre-requisite of investment.
The CCS-PI tracks the development of government policy to accelerate the deployment of CCS as an essential climate mitigation technology in over 100 countries.
Collectively, our three Indicator Reports 2018 form a further, criteria-based assessment known as the CCS Readiness Index, or CCS-RI. The 2018 CCS-RI examines over 50 countries using 70 discrete criteria and enables a comparative assessment of countries globally.
Clear from the 2018 assessment is that greater effort is required to deploy CCS at the scale necessary to meet climate change mitigation ambitions.
Howard Herzog's article, CCS at a crossroads, is part of an opinion leader’s article series for Focus on CCS. The series features contributions from world leading authorities on carbon capture and storage (CCS), presenting their perspectives on the role for the technology in reducing our carbon dioxide emissions. The series is published by the Global CCS Institute to contribute to the conversation about CCS within the portfolio of options to help tackle climate change.
Howard J. Herzog is a Senior Research Engineer in the MIT Energy Initiative.
The Institute has developed an analytical framework to derive a composite indicator that compares levels of national policy support to drive domestic action on CCS.
This 2015 update of the CCS Policy Indicator includes some important developments that have occurred in several major countries since it was last published in 2013.
This paper examines costs of major low and zero emissions technologies currently available in power generation and compares them in terms of emissions reduction potential and costs. The analysis uses cost and performance data from several recent studies in the United States, and applies a common methodology and economic parameters to derive comparable lifetime costs per generation output and of CO2 avoided.
The analysis demonstrates that CCS is a cost competitive power sector emissions reduction tool when considered among the range of available low and zero emissions technologies. While CCS adds additional costs to traditional fossil fuel generation, the underlying coal and gas generation technology and fuel sources are relatively cheap, and CCS has higher rates of utilisation than some renewables technologies.
This publication updates the 2011 edition of The costs of CCS and other low-carbon technologies.
This report evaluates the role the CCS technology could play in the Portuguese energy and industry system as a mitigation option to achieve deep GHG emissions reductions. The cost effectiveness of its deployment, and the risks and additional benefits it may provide for economic development are also analysed.
The partners of the CCS-PT: Perspectives for capture and sequestration of CO2 in Portugal project authored this report:
- CENSE Research Group, FCT - Universidade Nova de Lisboa
- CGE Research Group, Universidade de Évora
- Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
- REN – Rede Eléctrica Nacional, S.A.
- Bellona Foundation
The Global CCS Institute supplied financial and technical contributions.
Sumário (Portuguese Summary)
O presente relatório avalia o papel que a tecnologia de CAC poderá desempenhar no sistema energético e industrial Português para atingir reduções significativas de emissões de GEE. São analisadas as condições que determinam o seu custo-eficácia, e os riscos e benefícios adicionais.
Pathways to deep decarbonisation in 2050: how Australia can prosper in a low carbon world
23rd September 2014
Pathways to Deep Decarbonisation in 2050: How Australia Can Prosper in a Low Carbon World presents an illustrative deep decarbonisation pathway for Australia - just one of many possible pathways - developed using a combination of well-established modelling tools to identify feasible and least-cost options. The frame of reference for the analysis is that all countries decarbonise by 2050, consistent with the objective of limiting the increase in global mean surface temperature to 2°C in order to avoid dangerous climate change.
This initial project report shows that Australia can achieve net zero emissions by 2050 and live within its recommended carbon budget, using technologies that exist today (including carbon capture and storage), while maintaining economic prosperity. Major technological transitions are needed in some industries and many activities, but no fundamental change to Australia’s economy is required. Economic activity and Australian incomes keep rising. The economy grows by 150% to 2050, while net emissions fall to zero and energy sector emissions are reduced by more than four fifths.
This report is accompanied by the Technical Report which gives detail on assumptions, data, modelling tools and detailed results.
Pathways to deep decarbonisation in 2050: how Australia can prosper in a low carbon world. Technical report
23rd September 2014
This report presents the technical analysis supporting ClimateWorks’ Pathways to Deep Decarbonisation in 2050: How Australia Can Prosper in a Low Carbon World. It provides readers with details on assumptions, data, and modelling tools. This Technical Report provides detailed results and a discussion of limitations.
Pathways to deep decarbonization: 2014 report
19th September 2014
This 2014 report by the Deep Decarbonization Pathway Project (DDPP) summarises preliminary findings of the technical pathways developed by the DDPP Country Research Partners with the objective of achieving emission reductions consistent with limiting global warming to less than 2°C., without, at this stage, consideration of economic and social costs and benefits.
This research project is an extension of the ADB-PRC joint initiative, Study on Carbon Capture and Storage in Natural Gas-Based Power Plants (TA-8001-PRC). What follows is a bottom-up economic assessment of the proposed Gaojing combined heat and power (CHP) CCS plant that:
- Evaluates CO2 capture energy consumption in different scenarios and optimize that consumption
- Makes an economic feasibility evaluation of Gaojing CHP’s CO2 capture retrofitting
- Evaluates the advantages of meeting capture-ready criteria in subsequent CCS implementation
- Recommends the capture-ready conditions for Gaojing CHP at different carbon capture rates