Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.
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Over the past year, the outlook for CCS has been positive, particularly in the United States (US). Thanks to broad bipartisan support at both the federal and state level, CCS in the US has seen growth exceeding that of any other nation.
Additionally, the Institute has seen an increase in new stakeholders looking to engage and explore the role of CCS in their emissions reduction strategies. These new stakeholders include sustainable investors who believe CCS projects can deliver strong returns while achieving environmental goals and mitigating climate change risk.
These new market entrants, however, often share a common concern; the need to de-risk CCS for investment.
This briefing will serve to summarise ongoing work by the Institute to communicate and educate stakeholders on the potential risk characteristics of CCS and to discuss these in the context of de-risking CCS investments and addressing challenges from a US perspective.
To limit global warming and mitigate climate change, the global economy needs to decarbonize and reduce emissions to net-zero by mid-century. The asymmetries of the global energy system necessitate the deployment of a suite of decarbonization technologies and an all-of-the-above approach to deliver the steep CO2-emissions reductions necessary. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies that capture CO2 from industrial and power-plant point sources as well as the ambient air and store them underground are largely seen as needed to address both the flow of emissions being released and the stock of CO2 already in the atmosphere. Despite the pressing need to commercialize the technologies, their large-scale deployment has been slow.
Initial deployment, however, could lead to near-term cost reduction and technology proliferation, and lowering of the overall system cost of decarbonization. As of November 2019, more than half of global large-scale CCS facilities are in the USA, thanks to a history of sustained government support for the technologies. Recently, the USA has seen a raft of new developments on the policy and project side signaling a reinvigorated push to commercialize the technology. Analysing these recent developents using a policy-priorities framework for CCS commercialization developed by the Global CCS Institute, this paper by Lee Beck, our US-based Senior Advisor for Advocacy and Communications, assesses the USA’s position to lead large-scale deployment of CCS technologies to commercialization. It concludes that the USA is in a prime position due to the political economic characteristics of its energy economy, resource wealth and innovation-driven manufacturing sector.