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Publications, Reports & Research

Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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The CarbonNet Project: development of a CO2 specification for a CCS hub network
The CarbonNet Project: development of a CO2 specification for a CCS hub network

25th May 2016

Organisation(s): Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Parsons Brinckerhoff, Transport and Resources

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Global CCS Institute is supporting the development of the CarbonNet Project through a series of reports and enable the sharing of knowledge throughout its development. The CarbonNet Project, located in the Victoria, Australia is in its feasibility phase. It is planning the development of a hub-based network that will centre on a large capacity pipeline (up to 5 million tonnes per annum) to deep, secure storage sites in the offshore Gippsland Basin.

A critical aspect of hub-based network projects in general is the complex process of gathering multiple sources of CO2 (e.g. coal-fired power stations, natural gas processing, etc.), each with unique properties, into a single pipeline and into a storage site. This report explores the details of different specifications from the various potential capture methods and feedstock, which could come together and how that could impact the specifications of infrastructure and the storage site itself. 

The report outlines the lower and upper bounds of the potential CO2 specifications a hub project could encounter and proposes technically achievable limitations on the whole of project chain. This includes source proponents’ requirement, pipeline integrity and composition, requirements of the storage site, as well as health, safety and environment factors. Finally, the report outlines the techno-economic trade-off between additional processing for the CO2 sources and the impact on transport and storage.

By undertaking these studies in the early phase of project development, barriers such as restrictive specifications can be minimised and this could reduce costs overall, whilst increasing the viability of the multi-user system- the key platform for any hub-based network project. 

 

This report is a product of work undertaken by Parsons Brinckerhoff with inputs from the CarbonNet Project team. 

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2015 年全球碳捕集与封存现状报告。特别报告:欧洲CCS 中心和集群的作用
2015 年全球碳捕集与封存现状报告。特别报告:欧洲CCS 中心和集群的作用

18th February 2016

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, Use and storage (CCUS)

此问答型特别报告关注于CCS中心和集群对加强CCS在欧洲的部署所能起到的作用,尤其是在从工业生产中降低排放的情形下。

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The global status of CCS: 2015. Special report: the role of CCS hubs and clusters in Europe
The global status of CCS: 2015. Special report: the role of CCS hubs and clusters in Europe

4th November 2015

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, CO2 utilisation, Economics, Use and storage (CCUS)

This question and answer style special report focuses on the role CCS hubs and clusters can play in enhancing the deployment of CCS in Europe, especially in the context of reducing emissions from industrial processes.

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The CarbonNet Project. CarbonNet storage site selection & certification: challenges and successes
The CarbonNet Project. CarbonNet storage site selection & certification: challenges and successes

14th September 2015

Organisation(s): Department of Economic Development, Global CCS Institute, Jobs, Transport and Resources

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, CO2 storage, Use and storage (CCUS)

The Global CCS Institute presents the second report by CarbonNet to identify and then characterise suitable storage sites in the offshore Gippsland Basin. The CarbonNet Project is investigating the potential to establish a CCS Hub bringing together multiple CO2 capture projects in Victoria’s Latrobe Valley, transporting CO2 via a shared pipeline and injecting it into the offshore Gippsland Basin. 

This report details the history of the site selection process between 2010 and 2015. The search for a storage site has followed international best practice, aligned to DNV GL Recommended Practice (DNV-RP-J203) to provide decision makers and stakeholders with independent expert assurance of environmentally safe, long-term geological storage.

This report is authored by George Carman, Nick Hoffman, and the CarbonNet Project. Chris Consoli, Institute Senior Adviser for Storage, Asia-Pacific also provides an overview of the report in an Insight available on the Global CCS Institute website.

 

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The CarbonNet Project: developing a business model for a CCS hub network
The CarbonNet Project: developing a business model for a CCS hub network

25th June 2015

Organisation(s): Department of Economic Development, Global CCS Institute, Jobs, Transport and Resources

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, Use and storage (CCUS)

Victoria’s Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources prepared this Knowledge Sharing Report for the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute. This report defines a generic Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) hub project, and outlines the commercial framework developed to support analysis of roles and responsibilities between the public and private sector in developing a CCS hub project.

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The CarbonNet Project: a historical perspective
The CarbonNet Project: a historical perspective

25th June 2015

Organisation(s): Department of Economic Development, Global CCS Institute, Jobs, Transport and Resources

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, Use and storage (CCUS)

Victoria’s Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources prepared this Knowledge Sharing Report for the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute. This report provides a historical perspective of CarbonNet from prior to its inception to now. It is intended to help project participants and their stakeholders understand how the vision of a network hub concept has developed in Victoria, Australia.

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Research report: hazard analysis for offshore carbon capture platforms and offshore pipelines
Research report: hazard analysis for offshore carbon capture platforms and offshore pipelines

1st September 2013

Organisation(s): Carbon Capture and Storage Association (CCSA), Energy Institute, Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, CO2 transport, Health, safety and environment, Use and storage (CCUS)

The intention of this publication is to provide a basic guide for the health and safety hazard analysis for offshore management of CO2 pipelines and platforms, where CO2 will be present as a part of carbon capture and storage (CCS) installations; communicate existing knowledge on pipeline and offshore facility design and operation; and identify areas of uncertainty where existing knowledge cannot be applied with sufficient confidence, considering the scale and nature of expected CCS operations in the future.

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ロッテルダムCCSクラスタープロジェクト – 教訓」に関するケーススタディ
ロッテルダムCCSクラスタープロジェクト – 教訓」に関するケーススタディ

5th June 2013

Organisation(s): Rotterdam Climate Initiative

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, Use and storage (CCUS)

ロッテルダム気候イニシアティブ(RCI: Rotterdam Climate Initiative)は、ロッテルダム地域においてCO2回収貯留(CCS)を実現するため、懸命に取組を続けている。ロッテルダムにおけるCCS活動は2006年に始まり、現在までに18を超える大手企業が協力し、CO2回収プロジェクト及びCCSインフラネットワークに関する、実行可能性レベルでの工学調査を実施してきた。
本書はこのケーススタディの最終報告書である。以下の四つのテーマを取り扱っている。

  1. 理解可能なストーリー展開-第2章では、ロッテルダムCCS手法に関する出来事の全てを簡潔に要約した。
  2. (新規及びオリジナルの)拡張分析-第3章では、4者の外部利害関係者による多面的な解析により、読者はロッテルダム手法の長所及び短所をより鮮明に把握できるはずである。我々が選んだ利害関係者の意見は、政治家、政策立案者、起業家、(CCS)ネットワーク事務局のものである。それぞれの意見から、読者はロッテルダムで何が起きたかについての見解及び印象を得ることができる。
  3. 新たなCCSプロジェクトの創始者のためのマニュアル-第4章では、ロッテルダムで学んだ教訓から、プロジェクトを開始するリーダーのためのガイドラインを作成した。ガイドラインは、信頼関係の構築、クラスタープロジェクトの組織化、貯留の利用可能化、コミュニケーション及び支援運動の問題などを扱っている。
  4. ケーススタディの「インとアウト」に関する考察-第5章では、1年以上に及んだ興味深い作業(労働時間は3,000時間弱)を検討する。この検討では、本ケーススタディの結果やワークショップ及び知識共有への適用において、用いた理論とその応用を扱っている。本章は今後の作業のための提案で締めくくっている。

 

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The CarbonNet Project
The CarbonNet Project

2nd November 2012

Organisation(s): Department of Primary Industries, Victoria

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, Use and storage (CCUS)

The CarbonNet Project in Australia is investigating the potential for establishing a world class, large-scale, multi-user carbon capture and storage (CCS) network. The network could integrate multiple carbon dioxide (CO2) capture projects in the State of Victoria’s Latrobe Valley, transporting CO2 via a common-use pipeline and injecting it deep into offshore underground storage sites in Victoria’s Gippsland region. The establishment of a successful CCS network would support the development of new industries in Victoria. Positioning Victoria as a hub for CCS provides a substantial opportunity for new jobs and to boost skills.

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Stratigraphic forward modelling for South West Collie Hub. Phase one: static model
Stratigraphic forward modelling for South West Collie Hub. Phase one: static model

1st October 2012

Organisation(s): Australian National Low Emissions Coal Research & Development (ANLEC R&D), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, Use and storage (CCUS)

A stratigraphic forward model of the time period from 250 Ma to 182 Ma (Olenekian to Pliensbachian ­ Base Wonnerup equivalent to top Eneabba equivalent) has been created in that part of the South Perth basin that is a candidate area for geological sequestration of carbon dioxide. We used the CSIRO Sedsim stratigraphic forward modelling software constrained by available well and seismic data and previous published geological studies. The goal was to determine the distribution of grainsize and primary porosity (and permeability via the same transfer function used by Schlumberger) of Triassic and Lower Jurassic sediments below seismic resolution and away from well data across the study area around the Harvey‐1 well.

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Carbon dioxide (CO2) distribution infrastructure
Carbon dioxide (CO2) distribution infrastructure

23rd August 2012

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

The aim of this paper is to provide a non-technical summary of a selected number of publicly released and peer-reviewed studies on CO2 distribution infrastructure (networks) as applied to CCS. The primary focus of this paper is on the transport of CO2 by pipeline. Much of the publicly available literature concurs that pipelines will be the most likely option used for transporting a large majority of the gigatonnes of CO2 (GtCO2) that will potentially be required to be captured and stored in the decades to come. This scale of mitigation is considered to be imperative within the context of the global community preserving a carbon budget (the allowable volume of greenhouse gas emissions to be released) that may avoid dangerous levels of climate change.
 
The paper does not specifically focus on CO2 capture or storage solutions. It recognises however that CO2 will not be transported at scale unless there is a sufficient and reliable source of CO2 as well as sufficient, secure, safe and available long term storage options. These activities will consequently require the establishment of property rights, appropriate regulations governing the long term liability, monitoring, measurement and verification (MMV) of sites, as well as effective compliance regimes across the CCS chain.

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二酸化炭素(CO2)の供給インフラCO2回収貯留(CCS)を目的としたCO2の輸送に関する状況及び課題見解文書
二酸化炭素(CO2)の供給インフラCO2回収貯留(CCS)を目的としたCO2の輸送に関する状況及び課題見解文書

1st August 2012

Organisation(s): Global CCS Institute

Topic(s): Carbon capture, CO2 hubs, CO2 transport, Use and storage (CCUS)

本文書は、CO2回収貯留(CCS: Carbon Capture and Storage)に利用されるCO2(二酸化炭素)の供給インフラ(ネットワーク)に関して、公的に入手可能である査読付き研究論文からいくつかを選択し、専門知識がなくとも理解できる要約として提供することを目的とする。 
本文書は、主にパイプラインによるCO2の輸送に注目する。公的に入手可能な文献のほとんどによれば、今後数十年のうちに回収及び貯留しなければならないと考えられる数十億トンのCO2の大半を輸送する手法でもっとも有力なものはパイプラインである。気候変動が危険な水準に至ることを回避しうるCO2収支(温室効果ガスの許容排出量)を維持するという国際社会の流れの中で、この規模の緩和措置は必要不可欠であると考えられている。 
本文書では、CO2の回収及び貯留の手法については特に言及していない。しかし、十分かつ確実なCO2の排出源はもとより、十分かつ厳重で、安全に利用できる長期的な貯留方法がない限り、CO2が相当規模にて輸送されることはないと認識している。したがって、こうした活動には、所有権、長期的な義務に関する適切な規制、サイトの監視・測定・検証(MMV:monitoring, measurement and verification)及びCCSチェーン全体における効果的なコンプライアンス制度の確立が今後必要になるであろう。

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