Publications, Reports & Research
Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.
There has been a growing interest within the Institute’s membership – and elsewhere – in the opportunities to drive the deployment of CCS by the provisions of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. This paper draws together all the latest information and thinking on the Article and its role in enabling countries to meet the objectives they have set themselves in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), with particular emphasis on how it can impact CCS.
The paper, authored by our Senior Policy Advisor Eve Tamme and Consultant John Scowcroft, provides insights into the history of Article 6, elaborates on how it can be an enabler for CCS, and looks into the upcoming developments in this field by answering the following questions:
• What does Article 6 do?
• What does Article 6 not do?
• Where is Article 6 in the international climate negotiations?
• What does Article 6 mean for CCS?
• What are the next steps?
Understanding how the CCS market is likely to develop over the coming years is of interest to a wide range of stakeholders. It can help inform the timing and design of policies introduced by governments, the scale of the market for potential investors, and the challenges associated with meeting long-term climate targets.
This report aims to inform the discussion on these topics by providing an overview of the near-term and longer-term developments in the CCS market.
It reviews the current CCS facility pipeline, and how that could change in the next few years given project lead-in times. It then considers how this compares to projections of the number of CCS facilities needed to meet long-term climate goals. Throughout the report the number of CCS facilities deployed is used as a proxy for the size of the CCS market.
In February 2020, the US Internal Revenue Service published Notice 2020-12 and Revenue Procedure 2020-12, which include updated guidance regarding the Section 45Q Credit. Among other areas, this notice focuses on the eligibility requirements for the date of construction commencement and partnership structures.
Our Washington, DC-based Senior Advisor for Advocacy and Communications, Lee Beck, has prepared an Issue Brief on the latest developments.
The Global CCS Institute is pleased to present a Brief for Policymakers: CCS - Targeting Climate Change.
The brief summarizes the key findings of the Institute's latest Global Status of CCS Report which documents a range of important milestones for CCS, its status across the world and the key opportunities and benefits the technology presents.
The Brief includes detailed information on:
- CCS and its role in climate mitigation
- CCS deployment around the world
- the role of policy in large-scale deployment and
- updates on the progress, projects, and policies globally.
We hope you enjoy it, share it with colleagues and look forward to working with you as we accelerate the deployment of carbon capture and storage globally.
The recent reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and the Commission vision for a climate neutral Europe , have mobilised support for climate neutrality by 2050 by most EU Member States. Balancing sources and sinks by 2050, and from that point onwards achieving net negative emissions, can only be delivered through a major economy-wide transformation and by substantially stepping up the use of all climate change mitigation and carbon removal technologies. The European Green Deal as the new big European project is an enormous challenge but also an opportunity to lead by example and transform the European economy.
This overview takes a closer look at the European Green Deal with its extensive list of initiatives, and highlights what to watch out for in the coming days, months and years regarding low carbon technologies like carbon capture and storage (CCS). This paper explores how climate targets, governance, just transition, carbon border adjustment, industrial strategy, hydrogen, financing and infrastructure can support CCS technologies. The second part of the paper highlights the three main challenges for CCS in the existing legislation that need to be considered in the upcoming wave of revisions and new initiatives.
It’s a snapshot of where we are as of February 2020, with a list of initiatives and processes to choose from when engaging with policymakers and stakeholders.
This piece was authored by Eve Tamme, Senior Advisor for Climate Change Policy at the Global CCS Institute.
The Global CCS Institute has launched a report analyzing California’s recently passed carbon capture and storage protocol. The report provides a summary of the regulation for project developers and policymakers in other states and countries, given the Protocol's global applicability. While comparing it to other relevant regulations – including the federal carbon capture tax credit also known as 45Q – the report seeks to raise awareness for the opportunities created through the protocol and to advance deployment opportunities.
The protocol incentivizes carbon capture and storage projects reducing the lifecycle emissions from bioethanol, hydrogen, and crude, provided the fuel is sold into the California market, as well as direct air capture projects globally.
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is essential to achieving climate change mitigation targets. It is the only feasible technology that can deliver deep emissions reductions in many industrial processes that are vital to the global economy, such as steel, cement and chemicals production. In combination with bioenergy used for power generation or biofuel production, it provides one of the few technologies that can deliver negative emissions at scale; unambiguously required to limit temperature rises to meet the Paris climate targets.
While the critical role of CCS has been demonstrated in many reports, the policies in place today are insufficient to ensure CCS deployment scales up at the rate required. This paper seeks to address the current policy gap by describing priorities for policymakers to support the transition from current to future rates of deployment of CCS.
The Institute's report explores how to stimulate investment in CCS. The paper also identifies concrete policy actions and reviews the progress achieved until now by identifying the policies and commercial conditions that have enabled investment in the 18 large-scale CCS facilities currently in operation, and the additional five that are under construction.
Law and regulation remains a critical element of a government’s policy response to support the development and deployment of CCS. Robust legal and regulatory frameworks provide certainty for businesses eager to engage in innovation, and the deployment of CCS.
The CCS-LRI offers a detailed examination and assessment of national legal and regulatory frameworks in 55 countries and examines a range of legal and regulatory factors likely to be critical for the regulation of the technology.
The availability of storage resources is the ultimate pre-requisite for CCS deployment. For global CCS deployment, each country needs to know where, and how much, CO2 can be stored. Each nation needs to characterise, explore and appraise a national portfolio of accessible, commercially-viable storage sites ready for CCS Facilities.
The CCS-SI tracks the development of storage resources for 80 countries. The 2018 scores confirm an overall improvement since the 2015 CCS-SI with twelve nations having mature, or near-mature, storage resources to enable wide-scale CCS.
Government policy, given effect through law and the allocation of public resources, is critical to achieving climate targets. It plays a material role in determining the return on investment for any climate mitigation technology making confidence in government policy a pre-requisite of investment.
The CCS-PI tracks the development of government policy to accelerate the deployment of CCS as an essential climate mitigation technology in over 100 countries.
Collectively, our three Indicator Reports 2018 form a further, criteria-based assessment known as the CCS Readiness Index, or CCS-RI. The 2018 CCS-RI examines over 50 countries using 70 discrete criteria and enables a comparative assessment of countries globally.
Clear from the 2018 assessment is that greater effort is required to deploy CCS at the scale necessary to meet climate change mitigation ambitions.
Legal liability issues remain critically important for the commercial development of carbon capture and storage (CCS). This co-authored report by Global CCS Institute and University College London largely focusses on the storage aspect of the CCS process. Storage is where the most distinctive liability challenges lie, largely due to the long time-scales involved.
The authors address three types of legal liability:
- Civil liability where third parties who have suffered harm seek compensation or a court order.
- Administrative liability where authorities are given powers to serve some form of enforcement or clean-up order.
- Emissions trading liability where an emissions trading regime provides a benefit for CO2 storage and an accounting mechanism is in place should there be subsequent leakage.