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Our publications, reports and research library hosts over 500 specialist reports and research papers on all topics associated with CCS.

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Assessment of fracture connectivity and potential for CO2 migration through the reservoir and lower caprock at the In Salah storage site
Assessment of fracture connectivity and potential for CO2 migration through the reservoir and lower caprock at the In Salah storage site

1st September 2010

Topic(s): Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS), CO2 storage, Engineering and project delivery

This paper describes efforts to characterise and model geological fracture networks at the In Salah geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) project in Algeria. The work explores the connection between fractures and percolation, and the likelihood of leakage during and post injection.

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The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Characterisation of the Krechba CO2 storage site: critical elements controlling injection performance
Characterisation of the Krechba CO2 storage site: critical elements controlling injection performance

1st September 2010

Topic(s): Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS), CO2 storage, Engineering and project delivery

This paper explores the reservoir features that have proven critical in controlling injection performance at the In Salah geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) project in Algeria. The paper is divided into the three main themes of characterisation: structural geology, fracturing, and pore space characterisation. The authors conclude that structural geological and rock mechanical aspects are most critical in the early injection phase. When considering medium to long term effects, characterisation of the pore space, combined with the dynamically created fracture permeability, becomes more important.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

CO2 sequestration monitoring and verification technologies applied at Krechba, Algeria
CO2 sequestration monitoring and verification technologies applied at Krechba, Algeria

1st February 2010

Topic(s): Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS), CO2 storage, Engineering and project delivery

This paper provides an overview of the In Salah CO2 storage project. The experimental and demonstration project commenced in 2004. In 2005 a joint industry project was set up to monitor the CO2 storage process using a variety of geochemical, geophysical, and production techniques over an initial five-year period. The authors describe risks and corresponding monitoring technologies including the use of satellite imaging.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

CCS基本設計報告書
CCS基本設計報告書

30th January 2010

Topic(s): Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS), Engineering and project delivery

本基本設計報告書は、グローバルCCSインスティテュートのために、Mountaineer商用規模CO2回収貯留プロジェクトについての非機密の設計情報を抜粋し、集約したものである。本報告書は、2010年2月1日から2011年9月30日までのフェーズI‐「プロジェクト精査フェーズ」の期間中に策定された予備設計情報に基づくものである。報告書には以下に関する説明及び/又は考察が含まれている。
- 米国エネルギー省(DOE)のクリーンコール発電イニシアチブ(Clean Coal Power Initiative)、プロジェクト全体及びフェーズIの目的並びに米国エネルギー省及びAmerican Electric Power(AEP)社が出資したプロジェクトが現在のプロジェクトに至るまでの経緯
- Alstom社の冷却アンモニアプロセス(CAP: Chilled ammonia process)におけるCO2回収装置の追設技術及びCO2貯留・監視システム
- プラントの操業及び統合の視点から見たAEP社の追設手法
- CAP技術のための、プロセスを構成する設備及びプラントシステム間のバランス
- CO2貯留システム、圧入井の決定、圧入井の監視、システム監視及び制御ロジックの考え方
- オーバーナイトコストの見積り、今後の支出におけるコストの上昇及びリスクベースの偶発事象を考慮したプロジェクトの主要なリスクを含む、プロジェクト全体の見積り
- AEP社が、Alstom社のCAP技術は当初見込んだ規模での商業化実証が可能な状態と評価したにもかかわらず、フェーズⅠ終了時点で今後のプロジェクトに関する作業を中断したAEP社の決定

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

The economics of geological CO2 storage and leakage
The economics of geological CO2 storage and leakage

4th April 2008

Topic(s): CO2 storage, Economics, Engineering and project delivery

The economics of CO2 capture and storage in relation to the possibility of significant leakage of CO2 from geological reservoirs once this greenhouse gas has been stored artificially underground will be among the main determinants of whether CCS can significantly contribute to a deep cut in global CO2 emissions. This paper presents an analysis of the economic and climatic implications of the large-scale use of CCS for reaching a stringent climate change control target, when geological CO2 leakage is accounted for. The natural scientific uncertainties regarding the rates of possible leakage of CO2 from geological reservoirs are likely to remain large for a long time to come. We present a qualitative description, a concise analytical inspection, as well as a more detailed integrated assessment model, proffering insight into the economics of geological CO2 storage and leakage. Our model represents three main CO2 emission reduction options: energy savings, a carbon to non-carbon energy transition and the use of CCS. We find CCS to remain a valuable option even with CO2 leakage of a few %/yr, well above the maximum seepage rates that we think are likely from a geo-scientific point of view.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Coupled reservoir-geomechanical analysis of CO2 injection at In Salah, Algeria
Coupled reservoir-geomechanical analysis of CO2 injection at In Salah, Algeria

1st January 2008

Topic(s): Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS), CO2 storage, Engineering and project delivery

This paper describes coupled reservoir-geomechanical modeling of CO2 injection at Krechba, at the In Salah geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) project in Algeria. Several studies have investigated surface uplift surrounding Krechba injection sites. In this approach, the authors simulate the actual CO2 injection in a three-dimensional model around one horizontal injection well, and conduct sensitivity studies to determine the cause and mechanisms of the uplift.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Evaluating the impact of fractures on the long-term performance of the In Salah CO2 storage site
Evaluating the impact of fractures on the long-term performance of the In Salah CO2 storage site

1st January 2008

Topic(s): Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS), CO2 storage, Engineering and project delivery

This paper presents the authors’ current knowledge on the characterisation of faults and fractures at the CO2 storage demonstration site at the Krechba natural gas field at In Salah, Algeria. The authors discuss their current understanding of fault and fracture properties at Krechba, which is essential for realistic predictions of CO2 flow behaviour at the site. Furthermore, an extensive monitoring program is underway to improve the characterisation of the Krechba field as storage location and to verify the applicability of a number of monitoring methods for CO2 storage purposes.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Satellite imaging to monitor CO2 movement at Krechba, Algeria
Satellite imaging to monitor CO2 movement at Krechba, Algeria

1st January 2008

Topic(s): Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS), CO2 storage, Engineering and project delivery

This paper describes current and future use of satellite data to monitor and model injection sites at the Krechba natural gas field at In Salah, Algeria. The authors explain the current monitoring programme at Krechba, and the role satellite imagery plays. The authors conclude that experience at In Salah shows that satellite imagery now has the resolution to be a key monitoring technology for onshore storage.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

Detection of surface deformation related with CO2 injection by DInSAR at In Salah, Algeria
Detection of surface deformation related with CO2 injection by DInSAR at In Salah, Algeria

1st January 2008

Topic(s): Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS), CO2 storage, Engineering and project delivery

This paper describes the use of interferometric synthetic aperture radar to map changes in the surface of the Krechba natural gas field at In Salah, Algeria. The authors state this this is the first instance the spaceborne system has been used for this purpose. They describe methodology and results, concluding that this system is a promising, cost-effective monitoring tool compared with other conventional geophysical surveys.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

The In Salah Gas CO2 Storage Project
The In Salah Gas CO2 Storage Project

1st December 2007

Topic(s): Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS), CO2 storage, Engineering and project delivery

This paper provides an overview of the In Salah Gas CO2 Storage Project, based in the Ahnet-Timimoun Basin in the Algerian Central Sahara. The project was established as a public demonstration of storage assurance, to capture and reinject waste CO2 from natural gas production, that would have otherwise been vented to the atmosphere. This is a Joint Industry Project (JIP) with participation from industry, academia, government and non-government organisations.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

An international regulatory framework for risk governance of carbon capture and storage
An international regulatory framework for risk governance of carbon capture and storage

1st May 2007

Topic(s): Engineering and project delivery, Policy law and regulation

CO2 capture and storage (CCS) in geological structures and its possible risks have been topics of extensive study in recent years. In contrast, the legal and regulatory structures necessary to support widespread capture and long-term, secure storage have received far less attention. This essay seeks to bridge this gap by building on existing CCS risk literature and outlining some of the key components of an international risk governance framework necessary for the widespread diffusion of CCS. The discussion is summarized by making preliminary recommendations on attributes that an effective regulatory regime for CCS should possess.

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Disclaimer

The content within the Global CCS Institute Publications, Reports and Research Library is provided for information purposes only. We make every effort and take reasonable care to keep the content of this section up-to-date and error-free. However, we make no claim as to its accuracy, currency or reliability.

Content and material featured within this section of our website includes reports and research published by third parties. The content and material may include opinions and recommendations of third parties that do not reflect those held by the Global CCS Institute.

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